فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:11 Issue: 2, 2014
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1393/03/21
  • تعداد عناوین: 14
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  • Oktay Algin *, Assanaly Mustafayev, Evrim Ozmen Page 1
    Pseudoaneurysms rarely occur as a serious complication following incomplete hemostasis of an arterial puncture site. As a result of the increase in diagnostic and therapeutic angiography, the frequency of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm has increased as well. Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms associated with angiographic catheterization occur most commonly in the common femoral artery. Here we report a case of iatrogenic superficial external pudendal artery (SEPA) pseudoaneurysm following cardiac catheterization, which was diagnosed with Doppler ultrasound (US) and multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) before Doppler US-guided compression therapy. To the best of our knowledge, iatrogenic SEPA pseudoaneurysm, which is an unusual vessel location for pseudoaneurysm occurrence, has not been reported in the literature. In patients in whom anticoagulant-thrombolytic therapy or therapeutic catheterization with larger sized sheath is planned, determination of the precise localization of arterial puncture site is important for the prevention of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm development. Arterial puncture guided with Doppler US might reduce complications. When suspected, MDCTA is useful in the diagnosis and demonstration of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms. Treatment of US-guided compression should be the first choice for iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms. Interventional radiologists and cardiologists should have enough experience about the catheterization complications and their treatment in order to decrease the morbidity and mortality related to the intervention..
    Keywords: Angiography, Catheterization, Aneurysm, False, Femoral Artery
  • Ercan Kocakoc *, Nuri Havan, Mehmet Bilgin, Musa Atay Page 2
    Primary pancreatic leiomyosarcomas are rare malignant neoplasms with an aggressive course and a large size. A 56-year-old woman presented with an 8-year history of abdominal pain. Multislice computed tomography revealed a large heterogeneous mass with necrotic, calcified and macroscopic fatty areas. The tumor was excised. Histopathological evaluation revealed leiomyosarcoma of the pancreas. If a patient has a large size mass with a cystic-necrotic component, pancreatic leiomyosarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis list after excluding other common differential diagnoses..
    Keywords: Pancreatic Neoplasms, Leiomyosarcoma, Multislice Computed Tomography
  • Ramazan Buyukkaya *, Ayla Buyukkaya, Beyhan Ozturk, Huseyin Yaman, Abdullah Belada Page 3
    Intracranial lipoma is an uncommon entity. A rare type of tumor in the internal auditory canal (IAC) and the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) is lipoma. There are a few case reports in the literature related to intravestibular lipoma. Herein, we report a case of lipomas within the cerebellopontine angle and vestibule of the inner ear in a patient with tinnitus and dizziness. The patient was evaluated with a 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. MRI and CT showed the masses in the left CPA and the left IAC. These lesions were hyperintense on both T1- and T2 weighted images and showed no enhancement after gadolinium administration. Conservative management was suggested. Histopathological diagnosis is rarely necessary with the widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging. Considering significant morbidity during resection, conservative follow-up is the best approach for CPA and IAC lipoma..
    Keywords: Cerebellopontine Angle, Lipoma, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Davood Sharifi Doloui, Tahereh Fakharian *, Vahid Yahyavi, Sirous Nekooei, Hamid Reza Zivarifar, Kamran Ghafarzadegan Page 4
    Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is usually an aggressive, rapidly progressing and metastasizing tumor. Occurrence of this type of tumor in the kidney is considered as unusual and few cases have been reported so far. We present a metastatic PNET arising probably from the kidney in a 17-year-old female patient with local invasion and metastasis to the stomach. PNET should be considered as a differential diagnosis of a large heterogeneous soft tissue mass in the abdomen, especially in those with widely local invasion and metastases..
    Keywords: Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Neoplasm, Abdomen, Kidney, Neoplasm Metastasis, Stomach
  • Burak Ozkan *, Ali Harman, Baris Emiroglu, Ilker Arer, Cuneyt Aytekin Page 5
    Background
    The most common benign lesions of the kidney are simple cysts. They are acquired lesions and mostly affect the elderly population..
    Objectives
    To describe the usage of choice-lock catheter and trocar technique in percutaneous renal cyst treatment and determining long-term outcomes..Patients and
    Methods
    This retrospective study was carried out between February 2000 and July 2011. Eighty-eight cysts all of which were Bosniak type-1 cysts were selected in 75 patients. The treatment indications were flank pain, hydronephrosis and hypertension. The choice-lock catheter was used for 84 cysts with the trocar technique. Ninety-five percent ethanol was used as the sclerosing agent. Maximum volume of the injected ethanol was 175 ml. The mean follow-up time after the treatment procedure was 23 months. Sixty-four cysts were located in the cortical and 24 cysts were located at the parapelvic region..
    Results
    Fifty-seven cysts had complete regression, while 31 cysts regressed partially. After the procedure, pain was relieved in 44 (82%) patients and the pain alleviated in four (8%). Normotension was obtained in five (62.5%) of the eight hypertensive patients and no hydronephrosis was detected in nine patients. There were no relationship between the localization and the regression rate. No major complications occurred..
    Conclusions
    Percutaneous ethanol sclerotheraphy in simple cysts is a safe, cost-effective and minimally invasive method. We consider that this technique may be an alternative solution in the percutaneous cyst treatment..
    Keywords: Simple Renal Cysts, Percutaneous Cyst Ablation, Ethanol Sclerotherapy, Choice, Lock Catheter, Trocar Technique
  • Parvaneh Karimzadeh *, Farzad Ahmadabadi, Omid Aryani, Massoud Houshmand, Alireza Khatami Page 6
    Pelizaeus­-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD) is a hypomyelinating leukoencephalopathy disorder with a genetically heterogeneous pattern. Mutations in the GJA12/GJC2 gene cause one form of autosomal recessive Pelizaeus­-Merzbacher-like disease. Here, we report a new mutation in a ­10-month-old girl with nystagmus, psychomotor delay, hypotonicity, head nodding and dysmyelination from healthy second cousin parents. The genetic study showed a homozygote deletion as c902-918del in the exone 2. According to our study and recent reports from other Middle East countries, we suggest GJA12 gene mutations are common in this area, but we didnot find any previous report about this new mutation (c902-918Del)..
    Keywords: Pelizaeus­Merzbacher, Like Disease, Neurodegenerative Disease Leukodencephalopathy, Children
  • Mikail Inal *, Mihrace Yasemin Karadeniz Bilgili, Safa Sahin Page 7
    Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is a rare pathology, caused by compression of the left renal vein (LRV) between the abdominal aorta (AA) and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), due to reduction of the angle between AA and SMA. This leads to LRV varices, left gonadal vein varices and therefore, the pelvic congestion syndrome. For this reason, coexistence of NCS and pelvic congestion syndrome has been described. It manifests by hematuria, proteinuria, and nonspecific pelvic pain secondary to pelvic congestion, dyspareunia and persistent genital arousal. We report a 27-year-old woman who experienced hematuria and left flank pain. The diagnosis of NCS accompanied by pelvic congestion syndrome was missed initially, but later on the diagnosis was made by color Doppler ultrasound, abdominal computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography that were later performed. She refused interventional and surgical treatments, and was lost to follow up..
    Keywords: Hematuria, Renal Nutcracker Syndrome, Flank Pain
  • Mahdia Gholamnejad *, Nader Rezaie Page 8
    The reversed halo sign (RHS) may sometimes be seen in patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP), but is rarely associated with other diseases. Herein, we present a case of a 21-year-old woman with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, with high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) finding of RHS. This is an unusual and rare presentation of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia..
    Keywords: Reversed Halo Sign, Carrington Syndrome, Tomography, X-ray Computed
  • Mahshid Nikooseresht, Masoud Hashemi *, Seyed Amir Mohajerani, Farideh Shahandeh, Mahvash Agah Page 9
    Background
    The caudal approach to the epidural space has been used for decades to treat low back pain caused by lumbosacral root compression. The use of fluoroscopy during epidural steroid injection is the preferred method for placing the needle more accurately in the sacral hiatus, but it carries the risk of radiation hazard..
    Objectives
    The aim of the study was to assess the anatomical structure of the sacral hiatus and the feasibility of caudal epidural injections under ultrasound guidance..Patients and
    Methods
    Two hundred and forty patients (male = 100, female = 140) with low back pain and sciatica who were candidates for caudal epidural injection were enrolled into this study. Ultrasound images of the sacral hiatus and bilateral cornua were obtained by a real-time linear array ultrasound transducer. The distance between bilateral cornua and the anterior and posterior wall of the sacrum were measured at the base (sacral hiatus). Under the guide of ultrasonography, we defined the injection successful if turbulence of medication fluid was observed in the sacral canal, but correct placement of the needle and injectant was confirmed on fluoroscopic view as the gold standard technique..
    Results
    The epidurogram showed that the injection was successful in 230 of the 240 patients (95.8%). In eight patients, the injection was not in the correct place in the sacral canal. The sacral hiatus could not be identified by ultrasound images in only two patients who had a closed sacral hiatus identified by fluoroscopy. The mean distance of the sacral hiatus was 4.7 ± 1.7 mm and the mean distance between bilateral cornua was 18.0 ± 2.8 mm. The mean duration of the procedure was 10.8 ± 6.8 minutes. No major complication was observed in the next month..
    Conclusions
    In conclusion, ultrasound could be used as a safe, fast and reliable modality to observe the anatomic variation of the sacral hiatus and to perform caudal epidural injections..
    Keywords: Anesthesia, Caudal, Ultrasonography, Low Back Pain
  • Hodaiseh Saharkhiz, Nahideh Gharehaghaji *, Mahmood Nazarpoor, Asghar Mesbahi, Masoud Pourissa Page 10
    Background
    Magnetic nanoparticles have been widely applied in recent years for biomedical applications. Signal intensity (SI) of magnetic resonance (MR) images depends on the concentration of nanoparticles. It is important to find the minimum concentration of iron oxide nanoparticles that produces maximum SI and determines the minimum injection dose for clinical studies..
    Objectives
    This study was performed to determine the relationship between the iron oxide nanoparticle concentration and SI using inversion recovery (IR) sequence in T1-weighted MR images..
    Materials And Methods
    Different concentrations of carboxydextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles 20 nm in size were prepared. In vitro MR imaging was performed with inversion times (TI) of 100-400 ms (interval of 20 ms) and IR Turbo-FLASH (Turbo fast low angle shot) pulse sequence using a 1.5 T MRI system. Then the SI produced by each concentration of nanoparticles was measured and the minimum nanoparticle concentration that led to the maximum SI was determined. Coil non-uniformity was also considered for measuring the accurate SI of each image..
    Results
    The results indicate that SI depended on the concentration of nanoparticles and TI. In addition, SI increased by increasing the TIs ranging from 200 to 400 ms for all studied concentrations. The linear relationship between the nanoparticle concentrations and SI that gave a square correlation coefficient (R2) equal to 0.99 was seen up to 76.83 µmol Fe/L in 400 ms for long TI and 239.16 µmol Fe/L in 200 ms for short TI..
    Conclusions
    TI is an important parameter to consider in the relationship between SI and nanoparticle concentrations. An increase in TI leads to a decrease in the range of linearity..
    Keywords: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Inversion Recovery, Ferrosoferric Oxide, Nanoparticles
  • Dilber Yilmaz Durmaz *, Behice Kaniye Yilmaz, Oya Yildiz, Yilmaz Bas Page 11
    Intrathoracic gossypiboma, a retained surgical sponge in the thoracic cavity, is a rare but serious complication of thoracic surgeries. A 70-year-old man presented with an eight-month history of cough. He had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery eight years ago. The posteroanterior chest X-ray revealed a well-marginated homogeneous opacity at the left hemithorax with striped appearance in the center. Thoracic CT revealed a pleural-based mass at the left lower lobe with a hyperdense rim. After the diagnosis of gossypiboma, it was removed surgically. Although rare after thoracic surgery, gossypibomas need to be considered in the differential diagnosis in case of respiratory symptoms..
    Keywords: Thoracic Surgery, Cough, Chronic
  • Aysegul Kayhan, Osman Koc, Suat Keskin *, Fatih Keskin Page 12
    Background
    The presence of blood in the subarachnoid space is an acute pathology with a serious risk of death and complications. The most common etiology (approximately 80%) is intracranial aneurysm..
    Objectives
    The aim of this study was to assess the role of bone subtracted computed tomographic angiography (BSCTA), a novel and noninvasive method for determining and characterizing intracranial aneurysms..Patients and
    Methods
    Sixty consecutive patients with clinically suspected non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were considered to enter the study. The subtraction quality was inadequate in ten patients; thus, they were excluded, leaving 50 patients (84.4%) in the study. Bone subtracted and non-subtracted 3D images were obtained from the BSCTA raw data sets. All images obtained by digital subtraction angiography (DSA), BSCTA, and computed tomographic angiography (CTA) were evaluated for the presence or absence of an aneurysm and the location, minimal sac diameter, and neck size ratio of the aneurysm. DSA was considered as the gold standard during the evaluation of the data..
    Results
    Of the 50 patients who participated in this study, 11 had no aneurysms as determined by both CTA and DSA. Examination of the remaining 39 patients revealed the presence of 51 aneurysms. While 3D-CTA could not detect six aneurysms that were located in the base of the skull, 3D-BSCTA easily detected them. Moreover, five aneurysms were only partially detected by 3D-CTA. According to this data, the sensitivity of 3D-BSCTA and 3D-CTA was calculated as 98% and 88.2%, respectively; the specificity was calculated as 100% and 91.6%, respectively, per aneurysm; and the sensitivity of 100% for 3D-BSCTA and 98% for 3D-CTA was achieved by using combined images with multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) and maximum intensity projection (MIP). BSCTA detected and characterized the aneurysms as well as DSA, and BSCTA and DSA gave concordant results in detecting aneurysms..
    Conclusions
    BSCTA is easily accessible, less time consuming, and most importantly, a non-invasive technique for detecting intracranial aneurysms. It is also suitable for patients who have been referred to emergency services. Therefore, it can be used in emergency conditions and as a first-line diagnostic method in patients with non-traumatic SAH..
    Keywords: Intracranial Aneurysm, Subtraction Technique, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Computed Tomography
  • Abdulrasool Alaee *, Mehran Zarghami, Samaneh Farnia, Mohammad Khademloo, Talayeh Khoddad Page 13
    Background
    Previous studies have proven the development of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in methamphetamine and opioid users. Opiates and methamphetamines (MA) are the most common addictive agents in Iran. The adverse effects of drugs on the CNS is of concern to specialists and researchers, and given that the neurotoxicity associated with methamphetamine is greater than opioids, it is hypothesized that the severity of WMH in patients with methamphetamine dependence is more than opioid drug-dependent individuals..
    Objectives
    To our knowledge, this is the first research comparing the effect of methamphetamine and methadone (M) on the brain..Patients and
    Methods
    In a historical cohort study, we compared WMH in the brain MRI of 50 methamphetamine-dependent patients, 50 methadone-dependent patients and 50 healthy volunteers who were matched for age, sex and dominant hand..
    Results
    WMH was detected in 18 methamphetamine users, in 12 methadone users and in seven controls (P = 0.038). The site of brain lesions in MA users was mostly in the frontal lobe in 17 cases, in M users in the frontal lobe in 12 cases and in the control group, it was in the parietal lobe in four cases (P = 0.001). The frontal lobes were the predominant locations of WMH in MA and M groups (P = 0.001). The frequency of brain lesions was mostly in the deep WM in 18 cases in MA users, in 12 cases in M users and in two cases in the control group (P=0.007). Hyper-signal foci of deep WM in the MA group were grade I (punctuate) in 12 cases, grade II (beginning confluence) in five cases and grade III (large confluent) in four cases. In the M group, there were six cases in grade I, three cases in grade II and one case in grade III. In the control group, there were three grade I cases, two grade II cases, and no grade III cases. Except for periventricular WMH (P = 0.13), there were statistical significant differences in the deep WMH (P = 0.007) and subcortex WMH (P = 0.01) between the three groups. The history of using other drugs and the duration of MA and M consumption were similar. The prevalence of brain lesions was generally higher in both drug user groups compared with the healthy controls. Increased WMH in the MA group was higher than the M group..
    Conclusions
    A greater number of blood flow defects and ischemic lesions in the brain of MA users compared to opiate users may explain the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in these patients..
    Keywords: Methamphetamine, Methadone, White Matter Hyperintensitiess, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Cyrus Taghizadeh Delkhoush, Nader Maroufi *, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Farzam Farahmand, Ali Shakourirad, Hamid Haghani Page 14
    Background
    Patients who have shoulder pain usually have compensatory or contributory deviation of shoulder motion during arm elevation. In the traditional scapulohumeral rhythm, the share of the acromioclavicular (AC) and the sternoclavicular (SC) joint movements and also the role of AC internal rotation angle are unknown..
    Objectives
    The main purpose of this study was to measure and compare the segmentary scapulohumeral rhythm (SSHR) during scapular arm elevation at a steady rotational speed in athletes with and without impingement syndrome..Patients and
    Methods
    Using a speedometer, the maximum speed of arm elevation was measured in 21 men in each of the involved and uninvolved groups. Using fluoroscopy on the dominant side, SSHR during scapular arm elevation at a rotational speed equal to 1/30 of maximum speed was compared between the two groups. The ratio of glenohumeral (GH) elevation angle to AC rotation angle in the scapular plane was considered as SSHR..
    Results
    The maximum speed of arm elevation between the two groups was significantly different (P < 0.001). The rhythm of the involved group significantly exceeded the rhythm of the uninvolved group in a part of the first quarter range of the arm elevation. SSHR during arm elevation in the uninvolved group did not change significantly (P = 0.845); however, it decreased significantly in the involved group (P = 0.024)..
    Conclusions
    Speed differences between the two groups were probably due to the pain in some ranges of arm elevation. SSHR in the involved group probably changed in order to compensate downward rotation of the scapula in the resting position. Study of the AC upward rotation range can be misleading; therefore, the study of scapulohumeral rhythm is recommended..
    Keywords: Acromioclavicular Joint, Biomechanical Phenomena, Shoulder Impingement Syndrome