فهرست مطالب

  • پیاپی 44 (زمستان 1392)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/02/27
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Nasimim., Shafiabadia., Navabinejad, Sh Page 7
    Adolescence is the most important period of development which attracted attention of scientists and educators. Some researchers believe that adolescence is a stage of challenges. Positive psychology focuses on improving quality of life rather than attention to psychological damage. Gestalt therapyis probablyone of the effective methodsto increaseresiliency. The main purpose of thi research was evaluating the effectiveness of group gestalt therapy on increasing the in students. The research methodology was semi experimental and pretest and posttest. The researchpopulation was the entire girl students studying inhigh school in Baharestan in the academic year 1390-91. The sample consisted of 30 students selected randomly out of 100 students withlowest score onREsiliency Questioner. The subjects randomly put in experimental and control groups. The experimental group participated in 8 sessions (90 minutes each) of group gestalt therapy. The control group received no intervention. Resiliency Scale (CD-RISC) questioner with average efficient reliability (0/88) was used after intervention, and a month later for follow-up. The resultsusing ANOVA showed that the main hypothesis of the researh was confirmed; meaning that group pestalt therapy increased the resiliency of students, and it had suitable stability during the time.
    Keywords: group gestalt therapy, resiliency
  • Khazaeis., Sanaizakeb., Nazari, A.M Page 27
    This research aimed to investigate the effects of differentiation training on the levels of intimacy anddifferentiation of couples. A sample of 20 coupleswas randomly selectedand assigned to control and experimental groups. The level of intimacy and the level of differentiation of the couples were measured by differentiation and intimacy questionnaires before and after the treatment. Then, couples of the expereimental group attended 10 differentiation training sessions of 1.5 hour. These sessionswere held twice a week. Control group received no treatment. The datacollected wasanalyzedusing descriptive statistics and multi variance analysis. The results showed that differentiation trainingincrease the level of intimacy and differentiation as well as its componens (subscales).
    Keywords: Differentiation, Intimacy, Emotional cutoff, I, position, Emotional Reactivity, Fusion with others
  • Noranipoorr., Mohammadi Tilenoweis., Taghva, A Page 45
    The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of life skills training on reducing methamphetamine abusing patients depression and anxiety at the clinics of treatment of drugs at Tehran in 1390. Research method was quasi experimental with experimental and control groups with pre and post test experiments. 30 patients who abused methamphetamine selected by chance Custer sampling and randomly assigned in two groups, each group containing 15 subjects. Beck depression inventory and Cattle anxiety test were used for the assessment of the level of depression and anxiety. Subjects in experimental group received life skills training for twelve 2 hours sessions and subjects in control group didn’t receive any training. The obtained data were analyzed by independent group t and covariance analysis. The results showed that life skills training reduced the depression and anxiety of experimental group subjects and this showed that life skills training was effctive on declining of depression and anxiety in the subjects participated in the research. The results also showed life skills training were more effective on declining anxiety than depression.
    Keywords: life skills training, depression, anxiety
  • Godarzim., Boostanipoor, A.R Page 57
    Family is a healthy context for development and training. Family’s main function is enhancing its members individuation and sense of belongingness. In fact, all people areborn and nurtured in the social matrix of the family. Individual’s maturity and stability is due to the family environment. A total of 20 couples (n = 10, n = 10; 20 couples) volunteered to participate in the program. Participants were assigned into two groups (Experiment and Control groups). The experimental group was given the treatment, communication-behavioral therapy. The result indicated that communication-Behavioral Couple therapy affects the marital adjustment. It means that communicational problems will be improved by communcational therapies. This result justifies communication-based approach This finding is congruent with the principles of communicational therapies.
    Keywords: Marital adjustment, Communication, Bahavioral, couple therapy
  • Salmanyzadeha., Ahmadi, Kh., Zare Bahmanabadi, M. Page 71
    The present research evaluated the effectiveness of trainingsense of responsibility using reality therapy todecrease identity crisis and dangerous behaviors of the boys athigh school levle. Methodology of the research was semi-experimental using per-test and post-test. Reliable research instruments on personal identity and dangerous behaviors weregiven to 120 students. Then, 30 students with identity crisis and dangerous behaviors were randomly placed in experimental and control groups (15 persons in experimental group and 15 persons in control group). Variables of there search were identity crisis and dangerous behaviors of high school male students. The data analysis showedreality therapy led to recovery of identity crisis, and decrease in the dangerous behaviors of the experimental group.
    Keywords: Sense of responsibility, clinical reality, identity crisis, dangerous behaviors. Glaser
  • Khodabkhshi Kolaeia., Solgia., Mosallanejadl., Khodabakhsh Koharlaei, S Page 93
    The major goal of this research is comparison of"intimacy and marital adjustment" in two styles of marriages of family-arranged and couple-matching agencies. This research is a post-occurrence study in which the style of partner selection (agency v. family-arranged) is the independent variable, and intimacy and satisfaction are dependent variables. The statistical population includes all the female members of the above two categories. Sample of the research wich consisted of 50 subjects from each of these two categories were matched. Research tools were three questionnaires: demographic questionnaire, marital intimacy questions (MIQ) and mutual satisfaction (DAS). Statistical methods? ?? T and Q tow in SPSS 17 were applied. Statistical analysis of the collected data showed that total score for intimacy with t=4/63 was significant at 0/01 percent, and score of maritaladjustment with t=5/30 percent. Marriages of the couple-matching agencieshad a highler level of intimacy and marital adjustment in comparsion to family-arranged marriages.
    Keywords: mate selection, family, mate's selection institute, marital intimacy, maritalad justment
  • Abroym., Bahramif., Fatehizadehm., Shahmoradi, S Page 107
    The objective of present research was to investigate variables predicting divorce according to John Gottman theory among couples in Esfahan. The design of this study was causal comparative. Fromcouples referred to Centers for Divorce Crisis, 150 prsons (male and female) were selected to participate in educational courses. Then, violence starting, unpleasant memories, compensating actions, drowning, love, and interest questionnaires were administered. There is a significant difference among present variables such as violence starting and drowning between divorce-prone and ordinary couples (P < 0./01). Results of Bi valu logistic regression analysis showed that the variables such as drowning, compensating action, love and interest provided the strongest predictors of possibility for divorce-prone couples. Therefore, it is concluded that drowning, violence starting, and four aggressors (objection, disrespect, defense stance and inattention), unpleasant memories increase the possibility of divorce among couples. While increased compensating actions, love and interest decrease the possibility of divorce among couples.
    Keywords: divorce, predicting factor, violence starting, repair attempt, unpleasantmemories, drowning
  • Mohammad Ali Besharat, Mohammad Reza Khodabaksh Page 127
    Emotional intelligence contributes to improvement of the quality of interpersonal relationships through understanding and management of emotions. Concerning the importance of examining the determining and effective varibales in the quality of interpersonal relationships, the purpose of the present study was to examine the mediatory role of narcissism on the relationship between emotional intelligence and the quality of interpersonal relationships. A group of 609 university students (165 males, 399 females, 45 unknown) were included in this study. All participants were asked to complete the Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS), the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-60), and the Narcissitic Personality Inventory (NPI). The results of the study indicated that the initial hypothetical model had a good fit with the observed data and that all the paths had significant coefficients in the hypothetical model. The results showed that emotional intelligence had a significant positive correlation with the quality of interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, narcissism had a significant negative correlation with the quality of interpersoanl relationships. Results of the path analysis indicated that emotional intelligence indirectly affects the quality of interpersonal relationships via narcissism. Based on the results of the present study it can be concluded that the quality of interpersonal relationships are influenced by emotional intelligence and narcissism.
    Keywords: emotional intelligence, narcissism, quality of interpersonal relationshp
  • Page 147
    Factors such as emotional immaturity and inappropriate classroom and school environment influence student’s boredom. The aim of the present study is investigation of the relationship of boredom with "emotional maturity and classroom-school environment" among high school female students in Tehran. The method of this research was descriptive (correlation) and regressiona nalysis. The sample was selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. The subjects were 367 third gradefemale students with the average age of 17 years. The research instruments were the short of Boredom Questionnaire, (farhadi), Emotional Maturity Questionnaire (EMS), and Classroom and School Environment Questionnaire (CSEI). The results shoed that there is a significant correlation between boredeom-emotional maturity and classroom-school community scores. Also, regression analysis showned that classroom-school learning, schools social support, emotional instability, emotional regression, social incompatibility and personality collape have the most important roles in explanation and prediction of the boredom among student. Besides, classroom and school community and emotional immaturity intensify boredom among students.
    Keywords: Boredo, emotional maturity, classroom, school environment