فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:16 Issue: 12, 2014
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1393/10/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 19
|
  • Mehdi Mousavi, Sadafsadat Mirkarimi, Gita Rahmani, Ehsan Hosseinzadeh, Navid Salahi Page 7887
    Background
    Fasting during the month of Ramadan is of vital significance amongst Muslims; however, little is known about the effects of this kind of fasting on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
    Objectives
    This nonrandomized prospective observational pilot study was designed to investigate the effects of Ramadan fast on the symptoms of CAD.Patients and
    Methods
    Patients with documented CAD were consecutively (nonrandomized) included in the study, and those with heart failure (ejection fraction < 50%), renal failure, gout, and insulin-treated diabetes were excluded. Patients had the choice of fasting during Ramadan if they so wished and to break their fast as soon as symptoms such as dyspnea and chest pain occurred (fasting group) or not fasting (control group).
    Results
    A total of 148 patients completed the study. Mean (mean ± SD) age of the patients was 61.5 ± 11.7 years and 50% were male. Finally, 66 patients (44.6%) accomplished Ramadan fast with an average of 22.27 ± 10.46 days of fasting. Occurrence of chest pain was not significantly different between the fasting and non-fasting groups (4 out of 66 [6.1%] vs. 8 out of 82 [9.8%] respectively; P = 0.42). In addition, patients who fasted during Ramadan did not experience a higher frequency of a combined endpoint of chest pain and dyspnea (4 out of 66 cases in the fasting group [6.1%] vs. 11 out of 82 in non-fasting group [13.4%]; P = 0.14).
    Conclusions
    In the present study, the patients with CAD were able to observe Ramadan fast safely and their combined endpoint of chest pain and dyspnea was not significantly different from that of the non-fasting ones. We would suggest that patients with CAD and normal left ventricular function could fast during Ramadan.
    Keywords: Fasting, Coronary Artery Disease, Ramadan, Chest Pain, Dyspnea
  • Jin Zhu, Boxin Xue, Dongrong Yang, Yachen Zang, Yuxi Shan Page 9507
    Introduction
    Malignant priapism due to cancers is a rare condition that only 30 cases of kidney cancers were reported.
    Case Presentation
    We report on the first case of simultaneous penile, renal vein, vena cava, liver and ipslateral adrenal gland metastases from primary renal cancer in a 56-year-old man. The only complain of the patient was a history of painful priapism for one month. Corporoglanular shunt surgery was useless. Postoperative imaging showed extensive regional and distal metastases and tumor embolus in vena cava as well as renal and hepatic vein.
    Conclusions
    Review of literature showed priapism being the first presentation in 20% to 50% of cases, almost all cases have shown very poor prognosis. This case report underscored the importance of investigation of primary tumors for patients with malignant priapism.
    Keywords: Priapism, Metastasis, Renal Cancer
  • Bzhan Ziaian, Sam Moslemi, Maryam Tahamtan Page 10477
    Introduction
    One of the complications of HIV infection is greater risk of thromboembolic events. A variety of mechanisms has been found to be responsible for prothrombotic tendency in patients with HIV infection.
    Case Presentation
    A 27-year-old heterosexual smoker man was referred to our center due to a sudden-onset severe left lower extremity pain and claudication since three days prior to admission. In physical examination, end extremity coldness and discoloration as well as left lower extremity pulselessness were found. Color-Doppler sonography revealed a large thrombus in the left common iliac artery and two thrombi in the distal halves of both anterior and posterior tibialis arteries, so the patient was transferred to the operating room for proximal thrombectomy where the blood flow was reestablished and all pulses were then detectable. Two days later, the patient developed another similar episode from knee down and underwent the second thrombectomy. In evaluation, HIV Ab had positive result by ELISA.
    Conclusions
    This case inspires consideration of HIV infection as a leading cause of thromboembolic event in individuals affected by the first episode of unprovoked one in whom diagnosis of HIV infection has not been established yet.
    Keywords: Thrombosis, HIV Infections, Initial Presentation
  • Sedigheh Pakseresht, Gopal Krishna Ingle, Suneela Garg, Nahid Sarafraz Page 14490
    Background
    Patients with cancer often delay seeking medical advice in developing countries. It can adversely influence the outcome of disease.
    Objectives
    The present study was performed to determine the stage at diagnosis and delay in seeking medical care among women with breast cancer in Delhi, India.Patients and
    Methods
    This was a cross-sectional study based on a census (case series) approach to reach all women (172) diagnosed with primary breast cancer “detected in surgery Out Patient Department (OPD) from January 2007 to December 2009” at Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi, India. Patients were interviewed using a self-structure questionnaire. Seeking behavior variables were awareness of problem, first consultation, followed physician''s advice, detection of problem, system of medicine and gap between knowing the problem and consultation (patient delay). Statistical Analysis was performed using the Microsoft SPSS-pc version 14.0 statistical program. The analytic methods were used (mean, standard deviation, X2, Fisher''s Exact Test, K-S, Kruskal-Wallis) for variables. All statistical tests were performed at a significance level of 5% (P < 0.05).
    Results
    the mean age of women was 46.99 years. 38.4% of women were ≤ 40 years. 61% of women were in stage IV of cancer at the time of diagnosis. The mean duration of gap between knowing the problem and consulting a physician (patients delay) was 10.90 months. There was no significant association between stage of cancer and consultation gap. A significant association was found between the stage of breast cancer and income; women with lower income had a higher stage of breast cancer (P < 005).
    Conclusions
    A significant association was found between ages of women with their delays in consultation. Delay is still prevalent amongst women with breast cancer. It seems necessary to design educating programs for women in both clinical and community settings, about breast cancer and early detection practices.
    Keywords: Breast Neoplasm, Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Women
  • Fei He, Dongdong Li, Rong Cao, Juli Zeng, Hao Guan Page 14612
    Background
    In medical practice, the dissatisfaction of patients about medical decisions made by doctors is often regarded as the fuse of doctor-patient conflict. However, a few studies have looked at why there are such dissatisfactions.
    Objectives
    This experimental study aimed to explore the discrepancy between attitude and behavior within medical situations and its interaction with framing description.Patients and
    Methods
    A total of 450 clinical undergraduates were randomly assigned to six groups and investigated using the classic medical decision making problem, which was described either in a positive or a negative frame (2) × decision making behaviorattitude to risky planattitude to conservative plan (3).
    Results
    A discrepancy between attitude and behavior did exist in medical situations. Regarding medical dilemmas, if the mortality rate was described, subjects had a significant tendency to choose a conservative plan (t = 3.55, P < 0.01) yet if the survival rate was described, there was no such preference (t = -1.48, P > 0.05). However, regardless of the plan chosen by the doctor, the subjects had a significant opposing attitude (P <. 05). Framing description had a significant impact on both decision making behavior and attitude (t behavior = -3.24, P < 0.01;t attitude to surgery = 4.08,P < 0.01;t attitude to radiation = -2.15,P < 0.05).
    Conclusions
    A discrepancy of attitude-behavior does exist in medical situations. The framing of a description has an impact on medical decision-making.
    Keywords: Attitude, Behavior, Patient
  • Hassan Vossoughinia, Masoumeh Salari, Elham Mokhtari Amirmajdi, Hassan Saadatnia, Siavash Abedini, Alireza Shariati, Mohammadjavad Shariati, Ahmad Khosravi Khorashad Page 15832
    Background
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a chronic and common disease, which is characterized by heartburn and regurgitation. In the last couple of decades, GERD has received much attention and studies have shown an increase in its prevalence. Although there have been a few studies on the prevalence of GERD in Iran, no study has yet been done in the northeastern part of the country. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of GERD and its risk factors in a population from Mashhad.
    Objectives
    To evaluate the epidemiology of GERD based on a population study in Mashhad.Patients and
    Methods
    This was a cross sectional descriptive study conducted in 2010. In total, 2500 participants were selected based on cluster sampling. Modified and validated Mayo Clinic questionnaire for GERD was used for data collection. Overall, 1685 questionnaires were retrieved. Fifty-one participants were excluded because of pregnancies, history of abdominal surgery and being less than 18 years old. We analyzed data using the SPSS software version 16. Prevalence of GERD and significant risk factors (P value < 0.05) were determined.
    Results
    In total, 420 participants (25.7%) had GERD symptoms. Risk factors with significant effects consisted of smoking, consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NASIDs), overeating, chronic diseases, tea and coffee consumption and GERD in spouse.
    Conclusions
    The prevalence of GERD among people living in Mashhad was above the average prevalence in other cities of Iran. However, risk factors seemed to be similar to those reported by other studies.
    Keywords: Gastroesophageal Reflux, Risk Factors, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Iran
  • Tolgahan Catli Page 16638
    Introduction
    Deformities of the uvula are considered as the dark area of otorhinolaryngology practice. This little and plain part of the human organism has various functions and its abnormalities might cause serious disabilities.
    Case Presentation
    In our case report, we present a unique deformity of the uvula in a 56-year-old woman.
    Discussion
    The aim of this report was to present a very rare condition, unique case “polyuvula”, and to review the literature regarding other uvula abnormalities.
    Keywords: Uvula, Case Reports [Publication Type], Otolaryngology
  • Ehsan Alaee, Mohammad Javad Gharib, Mahnaz Fouladinejad Page 16729
    Background
    Anogenital distance (AGD) is a feasible and accepted parameter of exogenous or endogenous androgens effects on development of reproductive system.
    Objectives
    Since there is no report on penile length (PL) and AGD in our region, we investigated these parameters in male newborns in Golestan Province, Iran.Patients and
    Methods
    In this cross-sectional study, we measured stretched PL and AGD in term newborns from different races in Dezyani Gynecologic Hospital of Gorgan, Iran. We also recorded the anthropometric parameters and maternal age. The data was analyzed using the SPSS 14.
    Results
    Means of PL and AGD of 427 healthy term newborns were 32.1 ± 3.5 and 24.5 ± 2.5 mm, respectively. There was a positive correlation between PL and AGD (r = 0.097, P = 0.046). According to their ethnicity, there were 166 Fars (38.9%), 129 Turkmen (30.2%), and 132 Sistani (30.9%) infants with mean PL of respectively 31.8 ± 3.9, 32.3 ± 3.3, and 32.4 ± 3.3 mm and mean AGD of respectively 25 ± 2.5, 24.3 ± 2.5, and 24 ± 2.5 mm. One Fars neonate (0.23%) had micropenis (PL = 21.3 mm).
    Conclusions
    Using -2.5 standard deviations as the cutoff for micropenis, a newborn infant in Golestan Province with a PL of < 23.3 mm had micropenis; however, more investigations are needed to clarify this issue..
    Keywords: Ethnic Groups, Anthropometry, Male, Iran
  • Akram Mohammadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Tayyebeh Kermani, Marzieh Zhilaee, Shima Tavallaie, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan Page 16786
    Background
    Metabolic syndrome is the constellation of several cardiometabolic risk factors, and is associated with a heightened risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The pro-oxidant–antioxidant balance (PAB) is a measure of factors that promote and control oxidative stress. PAB may also be associated with the risk factors of CHD.
    Objectives
    This study aimed to explore the impact of supplementation with barberry, a fruit rich in antioxidants, on PAB in patients with metabolic syndrome.Patients and
    Methods
    A total of 106 patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome were randomized in two groups: case and control. The case group received three capsules of barberry and the control group received three capsules of placebo for 6 weeks. Serum PAB was measured in all patients before and after the intervention.
    Results
    There was no significant difference between the groups regarding their baseline PAB values (P = 0.32). A significant decrease in PAB was observed in the barberry group (P = 0.022), whilst there was no significant change in the control group (P = 0.18). The magnitude of change in PAB during the study was significantly greater in the case group compared to the control group (P = 0.01).
    Conclusions
    Barberry supplementation reduces oxidative burden in patients with metabolic syndrome.
    Keywords: Metabolic Cardiovascular Syndrome, Berberidaceae, Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Hadi Sharouny, Rahmat Bin Omar Page 17066
    Introduction
    Laryngeal stenosis has various causes and treatment options. Endoscopic resection of the stenotic part with CO2 laser is one of the treatment options of laryngotracheal stenosis. Keels are useful for preventing adhesion formation, restenosis and web formation, which may happen during the later stage. They can be put in place either via the endoscopic approach or through a micro thyroidotomy and are held in place with a heavy suture through cricothyroid and thyrohyoid membranes. They are left in place for two to four weeks, and then removed through the endoscopic approach under general anesthetics.
    Case Presentation
    We report on a case of anterior glottis stenosis with keel aspiration for two weeks, after endoscopic CO2 laser resection of the stenotic section and keel placement. The patient was admitted to our center, where bronchoscopy was performed and the keel was removed. A new custom-made silastic keel was properly placed in raw areas and fixed to the skin with suture through the cricothyroid and thyrohyoid membranes. The keel was removed three weeks later.
    Conclusions
    Endoscopic keel placement should be done with heavy suture through cricothyroid and thyrohyoid membranes. Surgeons should suture the keel to the anterior laryngeal wall with specially designed Lichtenberger’s needle-carriers to prevent complications such as keel aspiration, adhesion formation and imposing a second trip under general anesthetics, which put the patient at increased risk. The false vocal cord microflaps, as biological keels and a relatively new method may replace silastic keel placement in the future.
    Keywords: Laryngostenosis, Prosthesis Implantation, Laryngeal Diseases, Stents
  • Maryam Khajouei Nia, Anuradha Sovani, Gholam Reza Sarami Forooshani Page 17492
    Background
    Many studies have reported that inadequate parental styles can contribute to depressive symptoms through dysfunctional cognitive styles.
    Objectives
    This study aimed to investigate the association of dysfunctional schemas and parenting style with depression, as well as the role of maladaptive schemas such as moderators and mediators in Iran and India.Patients and
    Methods
    The study sample was selected randomly and consisted of 200 (age group 16-60 y) depressed females (mild to moderate); 100 from Tehran (Iran) and another 100 from Pune (India). The type of the research was causal-comparative. The data collection took place in hospitals and clinics in the targeted cities. Descriptive statistic tests and hierarchical multiple regression were executed (for the purpose of analyzing data) by SPSS 17.
    Results
    It was demonstrated that the association between parenting and depression was not moderated by early maladaptive schemas. On the contrary, the results supported meditational models in which parenting styles are associated with the cognitive schemas, and these in turn are related to depressive symptoms. It was also found that abandonment mediates the impacts of maternal style on depression in Iran. On the other hand, abandonment and punitiveness schemas mediated the relation between paternal style and depression in India.
    Conclusions
    These findings suggest that the correlation between childhood experiences and depression in adulthood are mediated by dysfunctional schemas.
    Keywords: Schemas, Depression, Women, Parenting, Iran, India
  • Zohre Feyzabadi, Farhad Jafari, Seyed Hamid Kamali, Hassan Ashayeri, Shapour Badiee Aval, Mohammad Mahdi Esfahani, Omid Sadeghpour Page 17511
    Background
    Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder that reduces quality of life.
    Objectives
    Due to side effects of hypnotic drug and the increasing demand for alternative medicine substitutes, violet oil (VO) was used in this study. VO is a known medication in Iranian traditional medicine that induces sleep in insomniac patients.Patients and
    Methods
    This study was conducted as an experimental pretest-posttest evaluation on VO efficacy in 50 patients with chronic insomnia in Iranian Traditional Medicine Clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Treatment consisted of intranasal drop of VO, two drops containing 66 mg of VO in each nostril nightly before sleeping for one month. All patients were asked to complete an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) questionnaire before the start of the trial and after one month of treatment.
    Results
    Improvements in sleep and ISI scores were significantly greater in patients after a month receiving VO drop in comparison with before starting treatment (P < 0.05). A few patients reported some complications about VO consumption, most of which were mild and no serious adverse event was encountered.
    Conclusions
    VO can be presented as a safe, well-tolerated, and effective herbal preparation in patients with chronic insomnia.
    Keywords: Violet Oil, Viola Odorata L, Chronic Insomnia, Iranian Traditional Medicine
  • Tulay Kuzlu Ayyildiz, Meltem Kurtuncu, Hulya Kulakci, Sevim Celik Page 17785
    Background
    Obesity is an energy metabolism disorder which results in the excessive storage of fat and may also lead to physical and psychological problems. Since the 1980s, obesity has drastically increased across all age and socio-economic groups around the world.
    Objectives
    The purpose of the study was to investigate the risk factors affecting obesity in students in the age group of 6-15 years.Patients and
    Methods
    This was a population-based cross-sectional study on 868 students in Bahçelievler elementary school in Zonguldak, Turkey from March to April in 2010. Data was collected using demographic questionary forms and weight-length measurements.
    Results
    The median age was 10.3 ± 2.1; 47.6% of the children were female and 52.4% of them were male. About 70.2% of the students consumed fast food. It was identified that 67.1% of the students in the 6-10-year age group and 32.9% in 11-15-year age group were obese (P = 0.000). The obesity prevalence of children with one or two siblings was higher than the ones with more than two siblings (P = 0.001).
    Conclusions
    The study concluded that there were certain criteria related to development of obesity during a specific period of childhood and taking certain precautions could be effective in preventing it.
    Keywords: Body Mass Index, Children, Obesity, Health Behavior
  • Aliasghar Farazi, Masoomeh Sofian, Mansoureh Jabbariasl, Banafshe Nayebzadeh Page 18852
    Background
    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is generally considered a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly.
    Objectives
    This study aimed to assess the efficacy of adjunctive coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in the treatment of elderly CAP.Patients and
    Methods
    Hospitalized elderly patients with CAP (diagnosed by using defined clinical and radiological criteria) were randomized to receive oral CoQ10 (200 mg/d) or placebo for 14 days, along with antibiotics. Primary and secondary outcomes on days 3, 7, and 14 were measured. Disease severity was scored using CURB-65 index. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS and P value < 0.05 was considered significant.
    Results
    We enrolled 150 patients for this research. Then, 141 patients, including 70 patients in the trial group and 71 patients in the control group were analyzed. Mean age of the trial and control groups were 67.6 ± 7.2 years and 68.7 ± 7.9 years, respectively. Clinical cure at days 3 and 7 were 24 (34.3%) and 62 (88.6%) in the trial group (P value = 0.6745) and 22 (31%) and 52 (73.2%) in the placebo group (P value = 0.0209). Patients on CoQ10 had faster defervescence (P value = 0.0206) and shorter hospital stay (P value = 0.0144) compared with the placebo group. The subgroup analysis of the patients with severe pneumonia showed differences in clinical cure at day 14. Treatment failure was less in CoQ10 group than in the placebo group (10% versus 22.5% and P value = 0.0440). Adverse events in two groups were few and similar.
    Conclusions
    CoQ10 administration has no serious side effects and can improve outcome in hospitalized elderly CAP; therefore, we recommend it as an adjunctive treatment in elderly patients.
    Keywords: Coenzyme Q10, Elderly, Pneumonia
  • Kazuki Nagai, Katsuhiko Matsumaru, Ikuko Hirai, Yujiro Takae, Kazuo Andoh Page 19500
    Introduction
    In daily practice, it is common to experience difficulty in treating decubitus ulcers (pressure ulcers, also known as decubitus ulcers) and stasis dermatitis of the lower limbs. We hereby report that omega-3-acid ethyl esters were remarkably effective when administered to cases of refractory pressure ulcers and stasis dermatitis for the purpose of improving the blood flow and promoting blood circulation.
    Case Presentation
    Case 1: A 21-year-old Japanese female with lower-body paralysis. Pressure ulcers appeared on the heel and first toe of her left lower extremity. Although the patient had been treated with various ointments such as dimethyl isopropylazulene and 0.9% iodine-containing ointment, the course showed no improvement, so omega-3-acid ethyl esters was administered orally, completely healing the ulcer of the first toe in 10 weeks. Case 2: A 76-year-old Japanese male. The patient had been treated on an outpatient basis for 15 years due to hypertension, heart failure, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia. Two years prior to this presentation, stasis dermatitis occurred in the lower limbs and at the end of last year, erosive ulcers appeared on the front part of the lower-right thigh and shin. Although treatment with various topical ointment and dressings was performed, the course showed no improvement. Oral administration of omega-3-acid ethyl esters was initiated. At 12 weeks, his condition entered the white phase and healed almost completely.
    Conclusions
    This report is the first to document other treatment possibilities for pressure ulcer and/or stasis dermatitis in cases where the use of topical applied ointments and medications is difficult. This new therapy may therefore help physicians to treat pressure ulcers and stasis dermatitis.
    Keywords: Omega, 3 Fatty Acids, Ethyl, Eicosapentaenoic Acid, Docosahexaenoic Acid Ethyl Ester, Pressure Ulcers
  • Reza Najafipour, Abolfazl Heidari, Safar Ali Alizadeh, Hannaneh Ghafelebashi, Zahra Rashvand, Amir Javadi, Mohammad Moradi, Hosein Afshar Page 21484
    Background
    Caveolin is a multifunctional and scaffolding membrane protein, which involves cholesterol trafficking to plasma lipid microdomain. It organizes and targets synaptic parts of the neurotransmitter and neurotrophic receptor signaling pathways. Caveolins are encoded by CAV-1, 2 and 3 genes. Disruption of the CAV1 would likely ruin the neuronal signaling, which leads to symptoms of schizophrenia in predisposed individuals.
    Objectives
    The upper area of CAV-1 gene is highly conserved and can have a regulatory role in neurodegenerative diseases. This study was designed to find out the possible association of polymorphisms of this area and schizophrenia.Patients and
    Methods
    In a case-control study, 254 blood samples were obtained from 127 patients with schizophrenia and 127 well matched controls referred to 22 Bahman Hospital of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences (QUMS) in Qazvin province, Iran, using simple random sampling method. After extracting DNA, the upper region of the human CAV1- gene was amplified by PCR in all collected samples. The products were visualized by silver staining in 10% polyacrylamide gel and then sequenced.
    Results
    We detected nine homozygotes in patients and 15 in control subjects. Homozygosity was 7.08% and 11.8% in cases and control, respectively. Nine types homozygote haplotype were detected in upper region of the CAV1 gene in cases and controls. Three haplotypes were common in cases and controls; four haplotypes were seen in controls only and two in cases.
    Conclusions
    Our findings implied a significant correlation between some haplotypes of upper region of CAV1 gene and schizophrenia. Existence of some haplotypes and lack of another in CAV1 upstream can suggest a significant correlation between schizophrenia and some haplotypes.
    Keywords: Caveolin, 1, Schizophrenia, Iran
  • Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh, Seyed Adel Jahed, Hounaz Akbari Page 22489
    Introduction
    Hypoparathyroidism might cause various musculoskeletal findings, resembling Spondyloarthropathies.
    Case Presentation
    We described a 52-year-old woman, diagnosed as a case of undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy for ten years, who was unresponsive to classic anti-inflammatory therapies. She developed anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and had elevated muscle enzymes during the course of disease. On a routine checkup, marked hypocalcemia and suppressed parathyroid hormone levels were found. Calcium and calcitriol therapy led to clinical and laboratory improvement.
    Conclusions
    This case emphasizes the importance of recognizing rheumatic manifestations of hypoparathyroidism to preclude unnecessary treatments. Serum calcium should be included in the diagnostic workup of these patients.
    Keywords: Hypoparathyroidism, Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy, Spondyloarthropathy
  • Mina Golestani, Peyman Eshghi, Hamid Reza Rasekh, Abdol Majid Cheraghali, Jamshid Salamzadeh, Ali Imani Page 24551
    Context: Mild-to-moderate bleeding disorders in haemophilia are primarily treated via recombinant activated factor VII a (rFVIIa) or activated prothrombin complex concentrate (aPCC). However, the efficacy of each bypassing agents may vary and none of them is universally effective.Evidence Acquisition: After reviewing the databases of PubMed, Scopus, MD Consult, Ovid, Trip database, Google Scholar, ProQuest and the Cochrane Library, finally, 17 papers published from 2000 to 2013 were extracted. We used as a random effect model in meta-analysis. Comprehensive meta-analysis (CMA) software was used for calculating and estimating the mean of bleeding reduction and performing meta-analysis.
    Results
    The mean of bleeding reduction in aPCC and rFVIIa were 71.2% with CI 95% (lower limit 86.8% and upper limit 82%) and 72.3% with CI 95% (lower limit 57.6% and upper limit 83.4%), respectively.
    Conclusions
    Although differences between the two products were very close to each other, they reported similar effects on joint bleeds. Further clinical studies should be performed by incorporating a standardized measurement in comparative efficacy of aPCC and rFVIIa..
    Keywords: Haemophilia, Meta, Analysis, Bleeding
  • Seyed Rasool Mirsharifi, Morteza Noparast, Mona Khazravi, Hossein Ghanaati, Majid Shakiba, Amirsina Sharifi Page 26033
    Background
    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) represents systematic atherosclerosis of great vessels. PAD affects approximately 10-20 % of patients older than 60 years and is associated with high mortality and morbidity rate debilitating individuals’ life.
    Objectives
    To compare the results of Gadolinium enhanced MR-Angiography and surgery in patients suspected to have peripheral arterial disease.
    Materials And Methods
    In this prospective cohort study, 30 consecutive patients matching the inclusion criteria were enrolled and MR-Angiography was performed prior to surgery for each one.
    Results
    22 patients were male (73.3%) and the mean age was 60.3 ± 10.6 years in our study group. The most common artery for cut off and run off was superior femoral artery in both assessments. Proximal section of each artery was the most common anatomical section for cut off and run off. There was a same report of cut off artery by MR-Angiography and surgery (kappa coefficient of agreement was 0.96, P value < 0.001) and positive predictive value was 0.97 (95% CI: 0.83-0.99).
    Conclusions
    According to our findings MR-angiography is an appropriate alternative imaging modality for patients suspected to have peripheral arterial disease and it facilitates the early diagnosis proposed by the clinical findings. Also beneficial characteristics of this method such as low exposure to ionizing radiation, repeatability, and low risk of contrast agent-induced nephropathy make it a modality of choice in patients with renal impairment.
    Keywords: Angiography, Peripheral Vascular Disease, Surgery