فهرست مطالب

مطالعات عملیات روانی - پیاپی 48 (بهار و تابستان 1397)
  • پیاپی 48 (بهار و تابستان 1397)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/12/15
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Seyyed Mohammad Reza Rashidi Al, Hasham Page 7

    The purpose of this article is to study the cultural, social and security damages resulting from population decline in the Islamic Republic of Iran in recent decades. The research method of this study is based upon library studies and documentary and demographic work, and population decline and the damages associated with it, i.e. population aging, fertility decline and Western lifestyle, have been studied. Recent country census figures indicate that population fertility has declined to lower than 2.1 which is indicative of population decline, and the fertility rate in the current census has declined to 1.86 which is too low to make generational replacement possible. The findings of the present study indicate that, during a period of twenty years, the aging of the population in Iran has increased from 7% to 14%, and with the current trend, the population aging rate will reach 22% in 2042. Accordingly, the country will soon be faced with such consequences as increased welfare and healthcare costs due to population aging. The reduction of marriage rates and the increase in the age of marriage from 18 to 23.5 years for girls, as well as the definitive bachelorhood of a part of the population of girls in the reproductive age and the prevalence of single-child families are all colonial plans and reflect the individualistic and humanistic lifestyle which pursue material welfare, facilities, wealth and pleasure. This kind of lifestyle is in conflict with the manifestations of religious lifestyle such as sacrifice, cooperation, and struggle for the comfort of others. Also, women's employment with the aim of financial autonomy from men and their gender authority is in the cultural basket of the Western world's materialistic lifestyle. All things considered, making changes in the age, sex and religious composition is the plot of the enemies of the Islamic Revolution.

    Keywords: population decline, sustainable security, population aging, fertility, lifestyle
  • Akbar Ghafouri, Yahya Ja’fari Nadoushan Page 29

    Currently, one of the important issues is to note the shift in the hegemonic system’s approach towards Iran from a hard approach to a soft one and implementation of psychological operations. On the other hand, the sacred Islamic Republic system is seeking to follow Imam Ali’s government as a role model. Therefore, it seems necessary to consider psychological operations and how Imam Ali (a.s.) dealt with this issue, especially since the present era is very similar to that of Imam Ali (a.s.). At the present time, one can see some examples of the characters of his age knowing whom requires utilization of the kind of insight Imam Ali (a.s.) enjoyed. They have lined up against the truth front with copies of the Quran raised on top of spears, and no one can discern the falsehood of their claims except the followers of welayat. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the enemy's PSYOP tricks against Imam Ali (a.s.) and the way he dealt with them. The findings reveal that the enemies tried to disperse Imam's followers using such PSYOP tactics as deception, narcotization and enticement, and, of course, they were successful to a large extent. To confront them, Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.) employed such schemes as incitement, intimidation, disclosure, and most importantly insight enhancement, and he resisted the huge army of the enemy relying on his small but strong army. This research work has been conducted using the descriptive-analytic type of the library method.

    Keywords: psychological operations, soft war, Imam Ali (a.s.), enemy identification
  • Reza Shahgholian Ghahfarrokhi Page 53

    According to verse 19 from the Hood chapter of the Quran (Who bebar (men) from the way of Allah and would have it crooked, and who are disbelievers in the Hereafter), dissuading people from the path of God and worship emanates from the attempts of falsehood to show it to be crooked, which may be regarded as an example of the course of the soft war of the enemy. Hence, the purpose of this research work is to analyze soft war and its coping strategies from the perspective of the Quran. Given the nature of the subject, the descriptive-analytical research method has been utilized to deal with it. In terms of typology, this research can be categorized as a theoretical-practical study. The required data were collecting using the library sources and documents, especially the holy Quran. The results revealed that defining the concept of soft war, the Quran points out various methods of soft war some of which include defamation, characterization, apostasy, rumoring, threat and sanctions. Also, the coping strategies of soft war have mentioned in the Book of God: following the teachings of religion and heavenly leaders, having insight, paying attention to the family function, boosting morale and increasing cheerfulness, having patience and virtue, the enhancement of enemy identification, the revival of the promotion of the good and prevention of the evil, paying attention to the unity promoting factors, the hope for the future and the reinforcement of the military dimension.

    Keywords: soft war, soft power, coping strategies, the holy Quran
  • Touraj Zeinivand, Rozhin Naderi Page 75

    Izz Al-Din Al-Munaserah is a poet and critic of Palestinian origin and is among the politicalcultural critics in the field of literature. He has accused some Arabic right-wing communist literary men and intellectuals of cooperation with the United States and the Zionist regime and believes that individuals such as Mahmoud Darvish, Sami’ Al-Qassim and Tawfiq AlZiyadah are among the victims of state spy plans and policies. Though this generation believes in the slogan of “art for art’s sake”, like liberal capitalist thinkers, they created their works within the framework of the Western block security objectives. “Poetry” and “Al-Hawar” are two Arabic journals in Lebanon which, the author believes, are accused of collaboration with the CIA and receiving financial support and funding from this organization. The author further believes that these two magazines are more political than literary, and they follow their political objectives under the disguise of literary and cultural activities. Following a descriptive-analytic approach, this article deals with the presentation and analysis of the author’s views.

    Keywords: cultural imperialism, the CIA, Arabic literature, Izz Al-Din Al-Munaserah
  • Mojtaba Dolati Page 99

    In this research, an attempt has been made to answer the following two questions using the descriptive-analytical research method Is there any conflict between the revisionist discourse and the discourse of the Islamic Revolution? If the answer is positive, what are the points of conflict between these two discourses? It appears that the main and peripheral concepts of the revisionist discourse are in conflict with the main and peripheral concepts of the discourse of the Islamic Revolution. The concept of "Divine sovereignty" is the main implication and such concepts as “fighting against the arrogance”, “the concomitance of religion and politics”, etc. are considered the peripheral implications of the discourse of the Islamic Revolution. In contrast, the concept of humanism is the main implication and pluralism, secularism, etc. are among the peripheral implications of the revisionist discourse. Following the strategy of transformation and weakening of the pure Islam as the main component of the discourse of the Islamic Revolution, the revisionist discourse has leveled insults against the religion, the Divine rules, welayat-e faqih, etc. Also, this discourse believes in the separation of religion from politics, secularism, the denial of religious democracy and the transition to Western democracy, etc. One of the most important points of conflict and opposition between the revisionist discourse and the discourse of the Islamic Revolution is the conflict and opposition in the way they view Islam, justice, fighting against the arrogance, etc.

    Keywords: discourse, the Islamic Revolution, revisionism
  • Armin Amini Page 127

    The influence of Zionist Jews on the global economy is growing. A lot of companies around the world collaborate with the Zionists and a large share of their fiscal turnover is funneled into the pockets of Zionist Jews. These companies have a prominent role in the fiscal turnover of the world. A large number of Jews are members of international economic organizations such as the WTO, the IMF, the International Development Bank, etc. and have important positions in these organizations. Also, almost 80% of the U.S. economic structure and competencies are exclusively owned by a small Jewish minority. Reviewing the extent of Zionist influence on the global economy, this paper seeks to explore the roots and cause of this issue.

  • Kerr Jackie, Lin Herbert Page 145

    The United States has no peer competitors in conventional military power. But its adversaries are increasingly turning to asymmetric methods for engaging in conflict. Much has been written about cyber warfare as a domain that offers many adversaries ways to counter the U.S. conventional military advantages, but for the most part, U.S. capabilities for prosecuting cyber warfare are as potent as those of any other nation. This article advances the idea of cyber-enabled information/influence warfare and manipulation (IIWAM) as a form of conflict or confrontation to which the United States (and liberal democracies more generally) are particularly vulnerable and are not particularly potent compared to the adversaries who specialize in this form of conflict. IIWAM is the deliberate use of information against an adversary to confuse, mislead, and perhaps to influence the choices and decisions that the adversary makes. IIWAM is a hostile activity, or at least an activity that is conducted between two parties whose interests are not well-aligned, but it does not constitute warfare in the sense that international law or domestic institutions construe it. Cyber-enabled IIWAM exploits modern communications technologies to obtain benefits afforded by high connectivity, low latency, high degrees of anonymity, insensitivity to distance and national borders, democratized access to publishing capabilities, and inexpensive production and consumption of information content. Some approaches to counter IIWAM show some promise of having some modest but valuable defensive effect. But on the whole, there are no good solutions for large-scale countering of IIWAM in free and democratic societies. Development of new tactics and responses is therefore needed.