Optimization of operating parameters affecting the removal of chromium from aqueous solution using bio absorption Jujube fruit powder, Jujube fruit charcoal and compression with Granular Activated Carbon (GAC)

Heavy metals in water resource are one of the most important environmental problems of countries. Chromium is considered as one of the important environmental pollutants due to its toxicity considered as water contaminant that may disturb metabolic activity. This research aims to study the potential of Jujube fruit powder for low cost adsorption of Cr (VI) in compression with Granular Activated Carbon (GAC). Methods and Materials: In the present study, adsorption of dissolved Chromium (VI) onto Jujube fruit powder Jujube fruit charcoal and standard granular activated carbon (GAC) has been investigated and compared. The effect of contact time, pH value, initial concentration of dissolved Chromium and amount of adsorbent on the adsorption of Cr by the mentioned adsorbents was investigated.
Results showed that the adsorption process was highly dependent on pH. Maximum Cr removal was achieved when the pH of the mixture fell within 2. The amounts of Cr (VI) adsorbed increased with the increase in dose of three adsorbents. Adsorption test results revealed that Cr adsorption on the studied adsorbents could be better described by Longmuir isotherm.
Maximum Cr removal efficiencies were obtained by Jujube fruit powder, Jujube fruit charcoal and GAC 66, 35 and 62 mg/g. Experimental results show low cost biosorbent was effective for the removal of hexavalent Chromium from aqueous solution.
Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences, Volume:5 Issue: 2, Jun 2013
89 to 98
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