Preparation, characterization and determination of photocatalytic activity of MCM-41/ZnO and MCM-48/ZnO nanocomposites
The direct and indirect methods in solvent media and grinding method in a solvent-free media were used to prepare the MCM-41/ZnO and MCM-48/ZnO photocatalysts. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that zinc oxide nanoparticles were put into MCM-41 and MCM-48 substrates and there were ZnO crystallites as secondary phase in the extra framework of mesoporous materials. The decrease of surface areas, pore volume and average pore size of mesoporous materials with incorporation of ZnO nanoparticles were confirmed by N2 adsorption and desorption isotherms. The FT-IR spectra showed an absorption peak at 490 cm-1 that was related to formation of ZnO in the substrate of MCMs. The photocatalytic activity of MCM-41/ZnO and MCM-48/ZnO were studied in photodegradation reaction of Congo red as a dye pollutant. The photocatalysts of MCM-41/ZnO and MCM-48/ZnO which were prepared by grinding method showed the highest photocataltyic activity with pseudo first-order kinetic rate constants of 34.6 and 27.810-3 min-1, respectively. The obtained results indicated complete incorporation of zinc ions in mesoporous material of MCMs in a solvent-free media. The elimination of solvent and facility of proposed method were the advantages of grinding method in preparation of MCM/ZnO photocatalyst.
Iranian Journal of Catalysis, Volume:3 Issue:3, 2013
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