The effect of sedimentation in rock check dam reservoirs on the peak ‎of flood in small watersheds
Message:
Abstract:
In this research, two small sub-basins were selected in Darjazin Watershed of Semnan to evaluate the effect of ruck check dams on peak and volume of flood in small watersheds. Two watersheds were chosen as study area in a part of southern Alborz Mountain with arid and semi-arid climate. These watersheds are located in upland of Mahdishahr city and many check dams are constructed for flood control in past few years. All check dams were examined during field operation and their sedimentation were assessed. Results showed that all check dam reservoirs were filled by sediment. In this research, the peak and volume of floods were assessed in three scenarios of 1) watersheds with no check dams 2) watersheds with empty of sediment check dam reservoirs and 3) watersheds with full of sediment check dam reservoirs. HEC-HMS model was used for rainfall-runoff simulation.. Mean comparison test by paired method for all three scenarios showed that flood peak and volume have significant difference at α=1% level. But, flood peak and volume in scenario 2 are computed less than that of scenario 1 and in scenario 3 are computed more than that of scenario 2. On the other hand, flood peak and volume in the scenario 3 slightly decreased by 4.8 and 5.7 percent respectively compared to scenario 1 where is not significant based on the objectives of project.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Watershed Engineering and Management, Volume:6 Issue: 2, 2014
Page:
115
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