Survey of Preventive Services by General Dental Practitioners in Zahedan, 2016

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
General dental practitioners are important resources for implementing preventive strategies and meeting dental treatment needs. Dental education plays a vital role in providing the community with dental practitioners who are equipped with the ability to apply preventive dental care.
Considering the importance of preventive practices by dentists, this study was designed to assess preventive services by general dental practitioners working clinically in Zahedan, southeast of Iran.
This cross sectional study was carried out among general dental practitioners in Zahedan, southeast of Iran. A total of 105 participants were invited to the study, of whom 95 participants had completed questionnaires on all the variables selected for analysis (response rate = 86%). A self-administrated structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. P = 0.05 was considered as the significance level.
Among all the participants, 51.6% always gave oral hygiene instructions and 35.8% gave nutrition instructions to their patients. Only 20% of them always advised patients to use fluoride and 34.7% did fluoride therapy for most children. Fissure sealant was done by 48.4% for most children who needed it. According to the Chi-square test, there was no significant relationship between gender and health instructions (P = 0.86), but the relationship was significant between performing fissure sealant (P = 0.03) and fluoride therapy (P = 0.05), so that female general dental practitioners provided fluoride therapy and fissure sealant more than males. Fissure sealant has also a significant relationship with the participants’ age (P = 0.001) and the years since their graduation (P = 0.03), so that younger and more newly graduated ones performed fissure sealants more than the others. There was a significant relationship between providing health education (P = 0.044), nutrition education (P = 0.01), and fissure sealant (P = 0.04) with the location of graduation, as the participants who were educated abroad had done better than those graduated in the country.
Preventive dental services are not performed by the majority of the general dental practitioners in the southeast of Iran. Also, raising the awareness of the people about preventive methods and considering insurance for preventive services can help to promote dental caries prevention.
Dental Clinical and Experimental Journal, Volume:2 Issue: 1, Feb 2016
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