Historical Analysis of the Difference between Imam Hadi(AS) and Muʿtazila on the Creation of the Quran.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
One of the controversial theological debates that created controversy among Muslim theologians is Quran's Theory of Creation or the Quran's Occurrence. The proponents of the Quranic People's Theory of the Quran are considered to be creatures and it is against those who regard the Quran as unconscious and old. The Mutazilites are known as the main defenders of the Quranic People's Theology. Since the ancient thought of the Quran was raised among the Muslims, the infallible Imams (AS) also declared their position and opposed it.The present paper, using historical reports and descriptive-analytical method, has tried to answer this question: What are the differences between the Imam Hadi (AS) and the Mutazilites with the Quranic theology on the basis of historical documentation. The findings of this article confirm this hypothesis that, despite the Mutazilite's insistence on promoting the Quranic thought, Imam Hadi (AS) considered it a futile battle and He strongly refused the Shiites to enter these debates.
He also refrained from commenting on the word "creature", in contrast to the Mutazilites, for the Holy Quran and in expressing his opinion about the Holy Quran; it was enough to be "the Word of God." This position of Imam Hadi (AS) caused his and his Shiites to remain immune from atheism suspicion and its consequences, including political, economic and social pressure
Journal of Shi'a Pajoohi, Volume:4 Issue: 11, 2017
117 to 134
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