The Role of Penalties in Preventing the Unauthorized Exploitation of Groundwater Resources
At first glance, it seems that a criminal or punitive sanction must have a positive effect, at least through intimidation, rehabilitation in preventing the unauthorized exploitation of underground water resources. But look at the statistics available from the commission of a crime reveals many  problems in the current criminal policy against it, which can be rooted in reliance on the effectiveness of criminal proceedings. In addition, the effectiveness of punishments requires the inherent features; the fetus, observance of the proper principles of criminalization and then punishment is  necessary in determining the punishment .The study of the philosophy of punishment in dealing with the crime of unauthorized exploitation of underground water sources and the accuracy of the use of punishment in the criminal policy in the first place, and then the rate of compliance with the penalties imposed by the abovementioned criteria, and ultimately the assessment of the effectiveness of these penalties, is the main subject of this paper.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Journal of Water & Wastewater, Volume:30 Issue:121, 2019
99 - 113  
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