Special Care in Lichen Planus Patients Undergoing LASIK: A Review Article

Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) is a common surgery for the correction of refractive errors. The majority of patients who undergo this procedure often have excellent results. However, uncontrolled autoimmune disorders and dry eye have both been listed as contraindications to this surgery. Lichen planus (LP) is an autoimmune, inflammatory disorder that characteristically affects mucocutaneous membranes. The etiology is unknown, but it most commonly affects middle-aged adults and presents with bilateral, purple papules. Clinical presentation is used to diagnose the condition, and a punch biopsy is confirmatory. LP may present with multiple different symptoms depending on the type, with ocular manifestations being rare. Multiple viruses and autoimmune conditions have been associated with the disorder, and physicians should take care when gathering a full history of the patient. Exacerbation of symptoms may happen if mood disorders such as depression and anxiety are not well controlled. There are several additional factors physicians must carefully consider before recommending LASIK to patients with LP. These include lichenoid reactions, current medications, and past or present ocular lesions. LASIK may be carefully considered in patients with well-controlled LP in the absence of ocular manifestations. Patients with ocular LP are not candidates for LASIK.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Medical Hypothesis, Discovery & Innovation Ophthalmology Journal, Volume:8 Issue:3, 2019
134 - 138
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