Breast reconstruction is distinct among plastic surgery techniques. This study analysed the results of breast reconstruction with the Latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap as a strategy for better coverage and positioning of the implant.
Twenty patients who underwent surgery between September 2013 and September 2016 were enrolled. Fourteen patients underwent reconstruction with LD and tissue expander (TE) exchanged later with implant. Six patients were reconstructed with LD and implant. The complications, problems, and aesthetic improvement associated with the use of implants placed under LD muscle were assessed.
0ne case required an expander removal because of deflation of TE, also one case had seroma formation due to recurrence of breast cancer and also one case had seroma in donor site. No asymmetry was detected in the inframammary fold (IMF) position between reconstructed and normal regions. After the procedure, 80% of the patients reported that their expectations were met, 95% reported no functional limitations, and 5% reported mild limitations that ameliorated with physiotherapy. The placement of implants (prostheses or expanders) under the muscle with using the LD muscle flap to cover the implant improved the breast contour by softening the inframammary crease and positioning the implants in the upper and medial quadrants of the new breasts.
Breast reconstruction using silicone implants and the LD muscle flap can have excellent outcomes with low rates of complications. Placing the implant under a layer of muscle improved the harmony of the upper quadrants during breast reconstruction.