Lipomas are the most common benign neoplasms, occurring in any part of the body where fat is present. Their occurrence in the head and neck is not common. Here, we report a large laryngeal lipoma with extra laryngeal component, mimicking mixed form of laryngocele.
A 47-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of hoarseness, intermittent dyspnea and mass sensation in the neck. The patient was submitted to indirect laryngoscopy; a large submucosal mass obliterating the left side of the supraglottic larynx and partially obstructing the airway was found. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated non-enhancing homogeneous hypodense fat density mass lesion measured 55*45*32 mm, extending through the thyroid membrane to parapharyngeal space and showing extra laryngeal component with an intact laryngeal mucosa lesion. Open surgery of the submucosal mass was performed. Pathology examination confirmed the diagnosis of lipoma.
Neck lipomas are also typically asymptomatic, but can compress nearby structures, causing symptoms such as hoarseness, dyspnea and dysphagia. When symptomatic, they should be removed via surgery.