It is common for osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT) to be associated with ankle injury, residual ankle stiffness and pain after osteochondral injuries, and OLTs are mostcommonin thedomeof the talus. Before choosing the appropriate therapy based on diagnosis, it is necessary to determine if the OLT is a stabile lesion or not. More accurate diagnosis and classifications could be conducted to guide the clinical treatment.
To compare the accuracy rate and diagnostic indices of proton-density fat-saturation BLADE (proprietary name for periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction in magnetic resonance systems from Siemens Healthcare) sequences from a small field of view (FOV) surface coil and proton-density fat-saturation sequences without BLADE in a routine FOV using a boot-shaped coil on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of OLT. Patients and
One hundred and one patients with ankle pain for greater than 6 weeks and normal X-ray participated in this study. They were ready for diagnosis by arthroscopy and treatment following MR examination. All patients were scanned by two different
(a) a coronal proton-density fat-saturated sequence with BLADE using a small FOV surface coil and (b) a coronal proton-density fat-saturated sequence without BLADE using a routine FOV boot coil. In this study, the arthroscopic results were regarded as the gold standard for assessing OLTs and were used to directly compare the ability of the two different scanning methods to produce accurate findings with regard to MR imaging of OLTs.
Of the 101 patients, 57 patients with cartilaginous injury were confirmed by the results of arthroscopy, and 44 patients were without cartilaginous injury. Forty-eight lesions had the same grade with the small FOV BLADE sequence MRI and arthroscopy, while 37 lesions had the same grade on routine FOV MRI and arthroscopy among 57 patients with cartilaginous injury. Among MR findings of 101 patients, the results of weighted Kappa, accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were 0.803, 90.10%, 84.21%, and 97.73%, respectivelybetweensmallFOVandarthroscopy; 0.515, 75.25%, 64.91%, and88.64%, respectivelybetweenroutineFOVandarthroscopy. The accuracy rate, sensitivity and specificity of small FOV with BLADE were higher than routine FOV. Mc Nemar’s test confirmed that the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of small FOV BLADE were significantly better than routine FOV (P < 0.001). Greater values of small FOV compared to routine FOV appeared in sensitivity of 0.94 vs. 0.81 (MR normal and grade I), 0.89 vs. 0.77 (MR normal and grade I - IIA), 0.90 vs. 0.74 (MR normal and grade I-IIB), 0.91 vs. 0.75 (MR normal and grade I - III) and specificity of 0.98 vs. 0.92 (MR normal and grade I), the same in specificity of 0.91 vs. 0.91 (MR normal and grade I - IIA), 0.80 vs. 0.80 (MR normal and grade I - III), only smaller in specificity of 0.60 vs. 0.80 (MR normal and grade I - IIB).
Small FOV surface coil with BLADE sequence grading of OLT demonstrated a promising accuracy rate compared with arthroscopic diagnosis.