Although serum paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) and arylesterase (ARE) activities are linked to the presence of stable coronary arterial disease, their correlation with SYNTAX Score I (SS1) and SYNTAX Score II (SS2) has not been known well. Our aim was to determine the association between PON-1 and ARE activities, together with the genetic polymorphism of PON-1, and both SS1 and SS2 in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Consecutive patients with acute STEMI (n=102: 78 male, 24 female; mean age=61.14±12.25 y) admitted to the Emergency Department of Kırşehir Ahi Evran University Hospital between August 2018 and December 2018 were enrolled. PON-1 and ARE activities were determined on hospital admission. The SS1 and SS2 scores were calculated by using the angiographic and clinical data. Subsequently, the relationships between the activities of the enzymes, together with the genetic polymorphism of PON-1, and both SS1 and SS2 were interrogated.
The mean SS1 and the mean SS2 were 19.8±9.7 and 32.3±11.5, respectively. The phenotype distributions of PON-1 were Q192Q (n=60), R192Q (n=35), and R192R (n=7). The respective PON-1 (U/L) and ARE (kU/L) activities were 514.85±29.34 and 216.82±36.72 in the low SS1 category; 527.60±56.31 and 203.95±55.97 in the intermediate SS1 category; and, 690.10±11.07 and 238.48±45.65 in the high SS1 category.PON-1 and ARE activities did not correlate with the SS1 categories, and varying SS2 scores. The distribution of the Q192R polymorphism was homogenous among the different SS1 and SS2 scores. The localization of acute STEMI also did not associate with the activities of either enzyme.
Admission serum PON-1 and ARE activities, together with the PON-1 Q192R genetic polymorphism, showed association neither with SS1 and SS2 nor with the localization of infarction in our acute STEMI patients.