Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the most common destructive neurological disorder after Alzheimer’s disease. Unfortunately, there is no specific test such as electroencephalography or blood test for diagnosing the disease. In accordance with the previous studies, about 90% of people with PD have some types of voice abnormalities. Therefore, voice measurements can be used to detect the disease.
This study presents an ensemble‑based method for identifying patients and healthy samples by class label prediction based on voice frequency characteristics. It includes three stages of data preprocessing, internal classification and ultimate classification. The outcomes of internal classifiers next to primary feature vector of samples are considered the ultimate classifier inputs.
According to the results, the proposed method achieved 90.6% of accuracy, 95.8% of sensitivity, and 75% of specificity, admissible compared to those of other relevant studies.
Current experimental outcomes provide a comparative analysis of various machine learning classifiers and confirm that using ensemble‑based methods has improved medical diagnostic tasks.