Humeral-sided Radiographic Changes Following Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
BackgroundWe sought to characterize humeral-sided radiographic changes at a minimum of 2 years after reverseshoulder arthroplasty (RSA) to determine their association with specific implantation techniques.
MethodsThe immediate and most recent postoperative anteroposterior radiographs of 120 shoulders with primary RSAand a minimum of 2-years of radiographic follow-up were analyzed (mean follow-up 35.2 months). Stress shielding wasevaluated by measuring cortical thickness at 4 different locations. Three independent examiners evaluated radiographsfor humeral osteolysis, radiolucent lines, stress shielding, stem loosening, and scapular notching.
ResultsThe cortical diameter, marker of external stress shielding, significantly decreased from initial to mostrecent measurement (P<0.001), but did not differ between cemented and uncemented groups. Cemented stems hadsignificantly more osteolysis and radiolucent lines; uncemented stems had significantly more internal stress shielding(P<001). The presence of scapular notching was significantly correlated with the presence of humeral osteolysis(P<0.001). Three (2.5%) stems were deemed “at risk” for loosening and 2 (1.7%) were loose.
ConclusionCemented humeral stems were associated with an increased rate of radiolucent lines and osteolysis,whereas uncemented stems were associated with more internal stress shielding. Humeral cortical thickness significantlydecreased over time regardless of fixation. There was an association between scapular notching and increasedhumeral osteolysis.Level of evidence: III
Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery , Volume:8 Issue:1, 2020
50 - 57
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