This study has been conducted with the aim of finding the cultural bases of ethnic challenges in the Islamic world with emphasis on Azerbaijan Iran and tried increasing national solidarity. Accordingly, the main question this article is that what is the most influential cultural ground in formation and growth of ethnic challenges in Azarbaijan, Iran?
research method is a qualitative and quantitative combination of data collection through library method with survey tool and field method with in-depth interview. The data analysis method was also used to describe the data and quantitative content analysis after accessing all the results obtained from library sources and in-depth interviews.
Findings of the research indicate that emphasis on the language of a country, cultural discrimination, and the non-implementation of Article 15 of the Constitution for the abandonment of Turkish speakers with 39% were the most important domestic cultural ground, and the impact of satellite channels in Turkey and Republic of Azerbaijan with 32% and superior Turkish identity in the vicinity of Azerbaijan with 31%, were the most important external grounds in formation and growth of ethnic challenges in Azerbaijan in Iran.
The results of the research show that in order to create greater national solidarity, the cultural components of the Azerbaijani people within the country must be recognized and respected so that foreign countries can not provide a basis for creating ethnic challenges in Iran.
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