The absence of comprehensive supports systems for older persons in Nigeria has put them on psychosocial challenges at old age. Thus, this study profiled the social supports provided by the adults to older persons in Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria.
This cross-sectional study utilized mixed method approach to administer a standardized questionnaire among 460 consented adults who had older parents, and conducted twelve in-depth interviews among male and female participants in Apete, a peri-urban community in Ibadan, Nigeria. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed respectively using SPSS ver. 20 and content analysis.
Most (67.2%) of the respondents were females, and 77.2% were not living with their older parents. Older parents of 32.4% of the respondents relied on children as a source of income, whereas nearly half (47.0%) of the respondents perceived the care of the elderly as government responsibility. Financial care (48.5%) from significant others was perceived the most unmet social needs of the elderly, while lack of money (44.6%) was perceived the cause of the unmet social needs of the elderly. There was significant relationship (X2 = 0.056) between the average monthly income and the time frame the children give money to older parents.
There exist social supports to the elderly in peri-urban Nigeria. The social support systems available to the elderly were influenced by the culture, blessing/prayer-needs from parents, and reciprocity factors.
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