Optimization of beamline diameter in spot scanning proton therapy for minimization of secondary particles using finite element method
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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
‎Collision of protons with background gas and beamline wall in proton therapy causes the creation of secondary particles‎, ‎e.g. neutrons‎, ‎which results in more difficulties in curing the tumors‎. ‎In the present simulation-based study‎, ‎the optimum diameter of proton beamline was determined to minimize the production of secondary particles in the presence of electric field with the magnitude of 50 kV/m‎, ‎perpendicular equal magnetic fields of 0.7 T‎, ‎and background gas of argon under Bounce boundary conditions via finite element method‎. ‎The results showed that the optimum diameter of the beamline for minimization of the secondary particles in the spot scanning proton therapy in the aforementioned conditions was 7 mm‎. ‎Also‎, ‎the values of drift velocities of protons were plotted in different time steps of 10 ns to 50 ns for the optimized size of the beamline‎. ‎Due to few interactions of forwarding particles with background gas‎, ‎the results showed that the forwarding particles in the propagation direction have greater velocities than those of rear particles‎. ‎The results can be used in spot scanning proton therapy for curing the localized cancers‎.
Language:
English
Published:
Radiation Physics and Engineering, Volume:1 Issue: 3, Summer 2020
Pages:
11 to 16
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