Chronic diseases and falling are important health issues among elderly people since they are able to reduce the quality of their lives.
The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between chronic diseases andfalling in the elderly.
The present cross-sectional study was derived from the first phase of the Amirkola Health and Ageing Project (AHAP) that had been performed on all elderly people aged 60 and above in Amirkola city in the northern part of Iran. The demographic characteristics, including chronic diseases, were collected through self-report questionnaires and observation of their prescriptions and consumed medications. Moreover, the history of falling during the previous 12 months was obtainedthrough the information form and interview with the subjects.
In total, 883males (54.6%) and 733females (45.3%) were studied whose mean age was 69.37±7.42(70±7.7and 69.7±7.00in males and females, respectively). In this study, 288 (17.8%) of the participants had the experience of falling in the last 12 months. The prevalence of falling was higher in elderly females (P<0.001) and the subjects who lived alone (P=0.01). Furthermore, it was found that the prevalence of falling in the elderly had asignificant relationship with other diseases, namely osteoporosis (P<0.001), myocardial infarction (P=0.03), fractures (P<0.001), cognitive impairment (P=0.001), and headache (P=0.002). In addition, the results oflogistic regression showed that the prevalence of falling had an association with urinary incontinence (P=0.02), history of fracture (P=0.001), hearing loss (P=0.006), and depression symptoms (P=0.001).
According to the results, there was a significant prevalence of falling among thesubjects which had a direct relationship with some chronic diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to ask related questions from the elderly who refer to the health centers and be more careful about them.
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