An Iranian Model for Elderly Care in Residential Long-term Care Institutions: A Delphi-Based Study
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

It is necessary to develop a functional and evidence-based model to meet the various care needs of elderly individuals.


The present study was conducted to propose a national residential care model for Iranian elderly individuals.


A systematic review was designed to identify common models of residential care centers in developed countries. A tworound Delphi survey consisting of 48 potential and eligible experts was also conducted to make a consensus on the standards of residential care applicable to the Iranian model. The study experts were the professors and officers with at least 5 years of academic and executive experiences in geriatric health.


The primary questionnaire was prepared with 305 care standards which were obtained from well-developed elderly care models. In the first round, 40 questionnaires were given back and analyzed, and 232 care standards were approved by the experts. In the second round, 38 questionnaires were returned from 40 distributed questionnaires, and 40 consensus standards were approved (from 73 standards). Moreover, others failed to enter the ultimate model. In the final model, out of the 275 accepted standards, 102 (37.09%), 75 (27.27%), 42 (15.27%), 42 (15.27%), 9 (3.27%), and 5 (1.81%) standards were related to health-related services, service providers, public services, facilities of care centers, eligibility criteria, and financing, respectively.


Given the high consensus of experts on developed standards and the unique comprehensiveness of criteria, the obtained model can be implemented after conducting a pilot study in the Iranian elderly care centers. It seems that the implementation of the model will improve the provided care leading to higher levels of life expectancy and quality of life among elderly individuals.

Middle East Journal of Rehabilitation and Health Studies, Volume:8 Issue: 3, Jul 2021
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