Trend analysis of Humidex as a heat discomfort index using Mann-Kendall and Sen’s slope estimator statistical tests

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The aim of this research was to assess the Humidex (HD) trends as a thermal discomfort index by analyzing meteorological data during a 30 year period of summertime in Iran.


For this purpose, data regarding average temperature and relative humidity were collected daily from 40 different synoptic meteorological stations during a 30-year statistical period (1985-2014). The HD index was calculated based on temperature and relative humidity according to an equation introduced by Masterton and Richardson. The Mann-Kendall and Sen’s slope tests were performed to analyze the changing trend of the HD.


Based on the findings, in 72% of the meteorological stations, the HD followed an upward trend, so that 40% of them was statistically significant. The changing trends in temperature during summertime throughout the studied years fluctuated greatly but generally, in many regions such as the arid, semi-arid, and humid regions, this trend was mostly incremental. Also, the changing trends in relative humidity in all regions was decremental throughout the years under study.


The changing trend of the HD, which is based on temperature and humidity, was incremental in arid and semi-arid regions and decremental in the Mediterranean and humid regions.

Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal, Volume:9 Issue: 2, Spring 2022
165 to 176  
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