A Comparative Study of Love and Wisdom in Hafez's Poetry and Suhrawardi's Persian Works

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
One of the most comparable common themes in Hafez's poems and Sheikh Ishraq's Persian works is the concepts of love and wisdom. As much as Suhrawardi as a sage has dealt with wisdom in his Persian treatises, the whole Divan of Khajeh of Shiraz is full of love and both, in turn, had an opinion on the opposite meaning. If Suhrawardi is a sage who also depends on wisdom and love, Hafez is also a thoughtful poet who has not neglected the category of intellect and he has always criticized it in his poems. However, in Suhrawardi's collection of Persian works, only one treatise is dedicated to love. It is safe to say that he has completely explained about love and tells about it in different stages and levels and also the role and place of love in enlightened wisdom well. The authors have also used the treatise Fi Al-Haqiqah Al-Eshq (about truth of love) more than other treatises, because it is more comparable and compatible with Hafez's poems. A comparative study of Hafez and Suhrawardi's views on the categories of wisdom and love and discovering their place in cosmology and epistemology are the subject of this research. As a result according to Sheikh Ishraq, wisdom and love are necessary for each other. Love is the offspring of wisdom, and there is no other way than love to reach the whole intellect, which is closest to Nooralanvar. On the other hand, Hafiz seldom speaks of the sacred intellect, and except for a few verses, wherever he speaks of the intellect, he means partial intellect, and in comparison with intellect and love, what is most original to him is love. Despite their differences of opinion, these two thinkers are in agreement with each other in expressing the method of achieving Truth and in the preference of love over wisdom for achieving absolute beauty and perfection.
Journal of Studies in Lyrical Language and Literature, Volume:12 Issue: 42, 2022
82 to 95
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