Analysis of Public Rights and Collective Rights from the Perspectives of Islamic and Western Scholars
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
The institution of public rights is mentioned in Article 156 of the Constitution as one of the major goals of the judiciary in order to realize the rights of the people. There are various aspects to this legal institution including the principles, definition and nature of dissent. The views of Islamic scholars are among the theoretical foundations of the institution of public law. On the other hand, one of the ways to reach a consensus on the institution of public rights is to explain the legal institution similar to collective rights in the sense of "public rights" in international as well as Western views and doctrine. Employing a descriptive-analytical method, the present study draws on the explanation of the views of Islamic and Western thinkers, and seeks to pinpoint the extent of quality and quantity to which the two public rights-collective rights institutions are similar. In this research and in each section, the nature, definition and principles of each of the legal institutions of public rights and collective rights from the perspective of Islamic and Western thinkers have been studied and analyzed. Based on these analyses, it has been determined that based on the reading of the beliefs and ethics of the Islamic Foundation, public rights encompasses a wide range of individual and socialized rights and is more in line with collective rights than the readings of Sharia and jurisprudence based on public rights- which, of course, contains only the socialized individual rights.
Journal of Comparative Study of Islamic and Western Law, Volume:9 Issue: 3, 2022
195 to 222  
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