A Comparison of Blood Indices in Orally and Inhaled Opium Addicts with Non-addict Healthy Control

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Background

 Drug abuse and drug dependence are very common in the community, which causes complications in patients. It is necessary to identify these complications.

Objectives

 The aim of this study was to compare the blood parameters of oral and inhaled opium addicts with healthy individuals in Zahedan.

Methods

 This study was performed on 60 people (20 in the group of oral opium addicts, 20 in the group of inhaled opium addicts, and 20 in the healthy group). After recording demographic information, blood parameters were recorded and analyzed.

Results

 The findings of our study showed that the mean of white blood cell (WBC), platelets (PLT), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) was not significantly different in the three groups. However, it was found that the mean of red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (Hct) in the healthy groups and serum lead (Pb) levels in addicts was significantly higher, but no difference was seen between the oral and inhaled groups. It was also found that in all subjects, Pb had an inverse and significant relationship with RBC, Hb, and Hct.

Conclusions

 The higher levels of Pb in the blood of substance abusers may cause further anemia, and blood Pb levels must be frequently checked in substance abusers.

Language:
English
Published:
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, Volume:25 Issue: 1, Jan 2023
Page:
5
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