Calcium Supplementation Ameliorates Cerebellar Oxidative Stress in Lactational Aluminum-induced Neurotoxicity in Rats

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The neurotoxic effects of aluminum exposure during the critical period of neurodevelopment have been well documented. This study investigated the known protective effects of calcium supplementation on the cerebellum of juvenile Wistar rats following aluminum-induced neurotoxicity during lactation.


Four groups of juvenile rats were exposed via lactation to distilled water (control group), aluminum (40 mg/kg/d), calcium supplement (50 mg/kg/d), and a combination of both aluminum and calcium from postnatal day 4 to day 28. The cerebella of the animals were excised to access the levels of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase [SOD], glutathione peroxidase [GPx]), lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde), histomorphological alterations (hematoxylin and eosin staining), Nissl profile (cresyl fast violet staining), and glial activation (glial fibrillary acidic protein immunohistochemistry).


Lactational aluminum significantly decreased the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase while exacerbating lipid peroxidation and reactive astrocyte in cerebellar lysates. Lactational calcium supplementation normalized the activities of SOD and GPx, thereby preventing excessive lipid peroxidation and glial activation. Despite no apparent changes in the general histology of the cerebellum, aluminum-induced chromatolysis changes in the Purkinje cell layer, which was counteracted by the antioxidant propensities of calcium supplementation.


These findings support that calcium supplementation significantly protects the cerebellum against aluminum-induced oxidative stress, chromatolysis, and neuroinflammation.

Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Volume:13 Issue: 6, Nov-Dec 2022
789 to 798  
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