Development of a 2D photon-photon coincidence digital system for absolute activity measurement
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Primary standardization of radioactivity is related to the direct measurement of activity in radioactive decay. A large variety of primary standardization techniques have been developed in the past years. The photon-photon coincidence counting is one of the methods for activity determination. This method is particularly applied for the standardization of I-125 using the detection of X-ray and gamma-ray coincident counting. In this paper, a 2D photon-photon coincidence digital system with two similar ‎‎2'' × 2''‎‎ NaI(Tl) detectors for absolute activity measurement is developed. The system is established based on a 100 MHz CAEN waveform digitizer (DT5724) which directly records the pre-amplifier output signals of the two NaI(Tl) detectors. The sampled signals was transformed to trapezoidal signals using pulse height analyzer firmware and coincidence events were recorded in a list file. The list file was analyzed offline using a Matlab code to realize correlated gama lines of Co-60 source.  The Volkovitsky formulas were used for the activity calculation and the details of the experimental setup were also discussed. Standardization of  the two Co-60 standard sources was performed using this system. Results are in good agreement with the reference activity of Co-60 sources. The presented formula can be modified for absolute calibration of the other medical radioisotopes. The technique can be generalized for absolute activity measurement of I-125 which uses for ophthalmic plaque radiation therapy.
Radiation Physics and Engineering, Volume:4 Issue: 3, Summer 2022
9 to 14  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 990,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe for 50 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!