Genetic analysis of residual variance for Egg Weight and Age at Sexual Maturity of Azerbaijan native chickens
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
In the livestock industry, the accurate genetic evaluation of economic traits pre-request the existence of homogeneity in residual variance, however; in practice, such different production levels and data recording at different times and environments are unlikely to result in the homogeneity of residual variance. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic variance of the residual variance for Egg Weight and Age at Sexual Maturity of Azerbaijan native chickens. Data set consisted 8283 Egg Weight (EW) records and 6608 Age at Sexual Maturity (ASM) records related to 9 generations from the indigenous chicken breeding centers in the west Azerbaijan. To investigate the genetic variation of the residual variance was using the BLUPF90 software. Heritability of EW and ASM in a single trait model was estimated to be 0.288 (s.e. =0.022) and 0.355 (s.e =0.127), respectively. The heritability of residual variance of these traits was estimated 0.00484 (s.e. =0.004) and 0.00005 (s.e. =0.002), respectively, indicating the slight possibility of their genetic progression by direct genetic selection. The values of genetic correlations between traits and their residual variance were estimated to be -0.154 and -0.076, respectively, suggesting that genetic selection for EW enhancement would improve the genetic value for their uniformity, but about ASM, the expected results will not be very favorable if the trait is reduced. In conclusion, for accurate estimation of breeding value and ranking based on production traits in poultry, special attention to variance heterogeneity and necessary corrections is inevitable.
Journal of Breeding and Improvement of Livestock, Volume:2 Issue: 4, 2023
81 to 89  
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