Religious answers to the existential problem of evil
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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

The problem of evil has different formulations, one of which is called the existential problem of evil; this means that when the evils and sufferings of the world actually affect man, man is psychologically unable to continue his former relationship with God and it seems that his emotions are offended by God. In such a case, man's priority is not to resolve the logical contradiction between the existence of evil and the existence of God, but requires an answer that repairs this relationship.The claim of the present article is that religious answers can better resolve the existential problem of evil and repair a person's relationship with God, or at least prevent the complete severance of his relationship with God. Religious answer means an answer that is first of all derived from religious texts; second, it is based on the cosmological, anthropological, and theological presuppositions accepted by religions. The eight religious answers to the existential problem of evil in this article are: calamity for temptation; misunderstanding due to ignorance and imperfect knowledge; warning for return and repentance; difficulties in preventing rebellion; rewards for actions in this world; abandonment of this world and engagement in the hereafter; otherworldly compensation for worldly suffering; evil for perfection.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Meditations, Volume:13 Issue: 30, 2023
Pages:
167 to 200
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