Today, the usage of artificial intelligence systems and computational intelligence is increasing. This study aimed to determine the fuzzy system algorithms to model and predict the amount of air pollution based on the measured data in subway stations.
In this study, first, the effective variables on the concentration of particulate matter were determined in metro stations. Then, PM2.5, PM10, and total size particle (TSP) concentrations were measured. Finally, the particles’ concentration was modeled using fuzzy systems, including the fuzzy inference system (FIS) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS).
It was revealed that FIS with modes gradient segmentation (FIS-GS) could predict 76% and ANFIS-FCM with modes of clustering and post-diffusion training algorithm (CPDTA) could predict 85% of PM2.5, PM10, and TSP particle concentrations.
According to the results, among the models studied in this work, ANFIS-FCM-CPDTA, due to its better ability to extract knowledge and ambiguous rules of the fuzzy system, was considered a suitable model.
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