Religiousl pathology of Safavid Iran from the perspective of Mohaqeq Sabzevari in Rozatol-Alnwar Al-abbasi

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

One of the scholars who studied Safavid pathology during the Safavid dynasty, while holding the highest religious position in the government, is Mullah Mohammad Baqir Sabzevari, well-known as Mohaqeq Sabzevari. In his book Rozatol-Alnwar Al-abbasi, written at the request of Shah Abbas II, in addition to providing guidelines for ruling the government and principles for statecraft, he tried to describe the harms that the Safavids suffered. This study seeks to answer this question: from the perspective of Sabzevari in the book Rozatol-Alnwar Al-abbasi, what social harms did Safavid suffer from? Therefore, using a descriptive-analytical method and collecting datasets by library searching, the following findings have been reached: Sabzevari's religious pathology of Safaviya, according to the type of damage mentioned by him, is classified in five fields: pathology of religion, religious knowledge, religious society, religiosity and religious institutions. Sabzevari has been working as a social reformer to improve the livelihood and resurrection of the people, the reformist idea in Rozatol-Alnwar Al-abbasi is based on the practical wisdom of Islam and It shows a justice-oriented and compassionate approach to the general public. Rozatol-Alnwar Al-abbasi should also be mentioned as a text in order to formulate and realize the model of faithful politics, which, based on Islamic beliefs, judgments and ethics, offers a method of ordering good and forbiding bad, at a time when social reform is possible only through accompanying kings. In this book, he has stated his meaning in many cases with ironic expression, and in some cases, he has directly described the harms Sabzevari considers three factors to be involved in order to fix the mentioned damages and preserve and survive the government, which arise from the specific foundations of his political thought: 1- Inner factor: improving the ruler's inner (spiritual) relationship with God 2- External factor: improving the relationship of the ruler with the people and Statesmen in observing the principles of statecraft 3- External and internal factors: justice and peace with the people and fight against oppression and oppressors.

Iranian Studies, Volume:13 Issue: 2, 2023
97 to 116  
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