Factors Influencing the Implementation of Interprofessional Collaborative Practice in Teaching Hospital Setting: A Mixed-Method Study

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Health service in the current global era requires health workers to provide qualified service, this also applies to teaching hospitals. Collaboration between several professions involved (doctors, nurses, and pharmacists) in an interprofessional collaboration system is needed in providing such service. Factors influencing interprofessional collaboration is unique to each health care center. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the implementation of interprofessional collaborative practice among health workers in Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo General Hospital.
This is a mixed-method explanatory sequential design study, utilizing quantitative and qualitative data. Quantitative data were obtained from the Indonesian-validated Collaborative Practice Assessment Tool (CPAT) questionnaire. CPAT in Indonesian language has been validated in previous research by Findyartini, et al. in 2019 in Indonesian population. The questionnaire was internally validated with the study population with Cronbach alpha of 0.812. All health care professionals meeting the selection criteria were enrolled for the quantitative study. Thequestionnaire was given to 152 health professionals enrolled as research subjects, including nutritionists, nurses, doctors, pharmacists, and medical rehabilitation specialists serving in Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital for >3 years. Five participants with highest and lowest CPAT score from each profession were invited for FGD entitled “Exploring factors involved in interprofessional collaboration in Wahidin Sudirohusodo General Hospital” and divided into 2 groups according to the CPAT score. The score from each subscale in the questionnaire is obtained for each research subjects and the median is compared among each profession group using Kruskall-Wallis test significant to a p-value of <0.05. Qualitative data as recording transcript is acquired from FGD; the transcript was then coded into several general themes by 2 of the authors and was discussed using thematic analysis using MaxQDA.
Research subjects were predominantly women (121 respondents (79.6%)), 32.9% were nurses, and most of the healthcare professional (81 subjects (55.1%)) have been working for >10 years. Among profession groups (Doctors, Pharmacists, Medical Rehabilitation Specialists, Nutritionists, and Nurses), difference in score distribution (P<0.05) wasfound in relationships among team members (40 vs 39 vs 39.5 vs 36 vs 42, P<0.001), barriers to team collaboration (10 vs 18.5 vs 14 vs 18 vs 10, P<0.001), and leadership (20 vs 20 vs 23 vs 20 vs 20, p 0.045). From the FGD, factors influencing interpersonal collaborative practice are leadership factors, system/rule factors, and personal factors.
This research showed that personal, system/organizational and leadership factors influence the implementation of interprofessional collaboration. In this study, there is a different perception regarding relationships among team members, barriers to team collaboration, and leadership among profession group.
Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism, Volume:11 Issue: 4, Oct 2023
213 to 221
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