Diagnostic accuracy of inverted grayscale mode in radiographs: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Article Type:
Review Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

X-rays are routinely utilized for different diagnostic purposes but there is always the risk of an inaccurate diagnosis. This systematic review was designed to investigate whether inverse grayscale mode increased diagnostic accuracy. From inception to February 2022, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and CENTRAL were searched for studies comparing grayscale inversion diagnostic accuracy to the conventional method. Quality assessment was performed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies version 2 (QUADAS-2) tool. Eighteen studies were included with an overall patient population of 1704. The number of studies investigating each lesion are as follows, lung masses: 13, pneumothoraces: 4, bony lesions: 3, interstitial lung diseases: 3, orthopedic studies: 2, bullous lung disease: 1, pleural effusion: 1, urinary calculus: 1, and large vascular occlusion: 1. Two studies had an overall moderate risk of bias and the remainders had low risk. The combined mode, featuring the conventional mode with the addition of the inverse grayscale, demonstrated better performance or insignificant difference in comparison with the conventional mode in all studies except one, which showed lower sensitivity in detecting pulmonary nodules. Also, meta-analysis of 250 patients in four pulmonary nodule studies showed better area under the ROC curve (AUC) of inverse mode (0.83, 95% CI: 0.75,0.90) in comparison with conventional mode (0.80, 95% CI: 0.72,0.88). Application of inverse mode when using radiography for detection of pulmonary nodules might improve diagnostic accuracy. Also, the inverse/combined mode showed better performance for lesions other than pulmonary nodule in some studies. However, there was insufficient evidence to draw a consistent conclusion.

Frontiers in Emergency Medicine, Volume:7 Issue: 3, Summer 2023
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
دسترسی سراسری کاربران دانشگاه پیام نور!
اعضای هیئت علمی و دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور در سراسر کشور، در صورت ثبت نام با ایمیل دانشگاهی، تا پایان فروردین ماه 1403 به مقالات سایت دسترسی خواهند داشت!
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!