Depositional environment and sequence stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous successions in Eastern Alborz Basin, Damghan, Iran

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
A study on depositional environment, diagenetic history, and sequence stratigraphy of the upper Cretaceous successions of the boundary between the Central and Eastern Alborz zones is lacking. This study attempts to tackle this issue by analyzing a succession composed of 120 meters of medium- to thick-bedded limestones. Facies analysis led to the identification of facies associations of terrestrial, inner ramp (proximal, mid, and distal lagoon and shoal), mid ramp, outer ramp, and basin settings. According to the lateral and vertical changes in facies associations indicating gradual facies variations and the absence of large barrier reef organisms, a carbonate platform of ramp type with a bioclastic shoal is suggested for the studied succession. However, regarding the presence of turbidites in the transition of mid and outer ramp facies, a distally steepened ramp better suits the studied succession. Diagenetic study reveals products of eogenesis, mesogenesis, and telogenesis stages. Sequence stratigraphic analysis based on facies analysis and field observation denoted one 3rd-order depositional sequence, which its maximum flooding surface is equivalent to MFS K180 of the Arabian Plate (AP) with middle Maastrichtian age. A disconformity at the topmost of the studied succession correlates with the upper sequence boundary of megasequence AP9 around the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary.
299 to 321  
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