Comparing the Diagnostic Accuracy of PSP Digital Intraoral Receptor Software Options in Assessment of Vertical Fractures of Mandibular Posterior Teeth

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Root fracture detection may be a challenging process due to difficulties in clinical and radiographic assessments. This study compared the diagnostic efficacy of Photostimulable Phosphor (PSP)intraoral digital receptor software alternatives for detection of vertical fractures in mandibular posterior teeth.


 In this diagnostic research, 60 human mandibular posterior teeth were chosen. Verticalfracture was induced on half of teeth using a hammer through a random method. Thereafter, the broken pieces were glued together using a superglue, and placed inside a sheep mandible. Next, utilizing a digital intraoral technique and a PSP sensor, radiographic imagesof every tooth were taken. All radiographies were then subjected to computeradjustments such as sharpening, reverse-contrast, and enhancement. Three radiologists investigated the images of teeth after application of computer adjustmentsregarding existence of fracture. SPSS 22 was used for data analysis.


Among processed images, sharpness had the highest accuracy (89.3%) followed by enhancement (89%), and reverse-contrast (87%). Statistically, no significant difference was observed in diagnosis of vertical fractures of mandibular posterior teeth regarding sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, as well as positive and negative predictive value among main images (no effect) and the images on which sharpness, reverse-contrast, and enhancement by software were applied (P-value>0.05). For intra-observer agreement, Kappa value >0.70 and for inter-observer agreement, kappa value=0.50-0.7 were found.


Usage of sharpness, reverse-contrast, and enhancement software had no significant impactin diagnosing vertical root fracture of multi-rooted teeth (P-value>0.05).

Journal of Dental School, Volume:40 Issue: 4, Autumn 2023
138 to 142  
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