Identification of a Novel Variant in CC2D1A Gene Linked to Autosomal Recessive Intellectual Disability 3 in an Iranian Family and Investigating the Structure and Pleiotropic Effects of this Gene

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Intellectual disability (ID) represents a significant health challenge due to its diverse and intricate nature. A multitude of genes play a role in brain development and function, with defects in these genes potentially leading to ID. Considering that many of these genes have yet to be identified, and those identified have only been found in a small number of patients, no complete description of the phenotype created by these genes is available. CC2D1A is one of the genes whose loss-of-function mutation leads to a rare form of non-syndromic ID- 3(OMIM*610055), and four pathogenic variants have been reported in this gene so far.

Materials & Methods

In the current study, two affected females were included with an initial diagnosis of ID who were from an Iranian family with consanguineous marriage. Whole-exome sequencing was used to identify the probable genetic defects. The Genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of the patients were compared with a mutation in the CC2D1A gene, and then the structure of the gene and its reported variants were investigated.


The patients carried a novel homozygous splicing variant (NM_017721, c.1641+1G>A) in intron 14, which is pathogenic according to the ACMG guideline. Loss-of-function mutations in CC2D1A have severe phenotypic consequences such as ID, autism spectrum disorder (ASD),  and seizures. However, missense mutations lead to ASD with or without ID, and in some patients, they cause ciliopathy.


This study reports the fifth novel, probably pathogenic variant in the CC2D1A gene. Comparing the clinical and molecular genetic features of the patients with loss-of-function mutation helped to describe the phenotype caused by this gene more precisely. Investigating the CC2D1A gene's mutations and structure revealed that it performs multiple functions. The DM14 domain appears more pivotal in triggering severe clinical symptoms, including ID, than the C2 domain.

Iranian Journal of Child Neurology (IJCN), Volume:18 Issue: 1, Winter 2024
25 to 41  
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