Conditioned Medium Derived From the Human Amniotic Membrane Prevents Brain Damage Against Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion in Subacute, Acute, and Chronic Phases in a Rat Model of Stroke

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Stem cells isolated from the amniotic membrane can produce and release substances that can regenerate damaged tissues and contain proteins and other factors that via numerous major and minor mechanisms lead to increasing angiogenesis and tissue survival. This research was conducted to prove the defensive characteristics of the secretome in the face of temporary focal cerebral ischemia in mouse stroke models.


Cerebral ischemia protocol in a specific area was implemented in rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion for 60 minutes and then reperfusion was given for 6, 20, and 30 minutes. Within 30 minutes after the start of reperfusion, conditioned medium derived from the human amniotic membrane (AMSC-CM) was poured into the right ventricle (ICV) at a dose of 0.5 µL. Finally, the volume of the injury, cerebral tissue water, sensorimotor activity, and the strength of the blood-brain barrier integrity were evaluated 24 hours after drug injection.


ICV injection of conditioned medium at the start of reperfusion phase considerably decreased the volume of the injury 6, 20, and 30 hours after reperfusion compared to the MCAO-operated group (P<0.01). Cerebral tissue water in the treatment group decreased considerably after the intervention in comparison with the MCAO group in the core and penumbral area not in the subcortical area (P<0.05). Also, the amount of Evans blue infiltration at all times in the core and half-foot area in the AMSC-CM group was significantly reduced in parallel with the MCAO group (P<0.05). 


Treatment with AMSC-CM during 6-30 h after ischemia-reperfusion insult exerts some beneficial effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury. These findings provide an important vision for more complementary research and treatment of stroke.

Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Volume:14 Issue: 6, Nov-Dec 2023
843 to 856  
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