Study of safety parameters of a PWR reactor using Cu nanofluids by molecular dynamics method

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
In this analysis, nanofluid properties are evaluated by interaction correlations between particles using molecular dynamics (MD) method, and thermal-hydraulics characteristics of nanofluids in a WWER-1000 reactor is investigated by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). This study conceptualizes power increase by changing the cooling from pure water to nanofluid without changing the safety parameters. The Copper nanoparticles are used in primary loop cooling system, to evaluate the heat removal from the core. Thermophysical properties such as thermal conductivity and shear viscosity of Cu-Water nanofluids are obtained by MD in operating pressure and temperature of the Bushehr reactor core. These properties have been used in thermal-hydraulics analysis and nanofluids are considered as a homogeneous fluid. Thermal hydraulic properties of coolant have been calculated for different volume fractions of nanofluids. Thermal hydraulic simulation illustrated enhancement of the thermal characteristics of the core, due to the increment in heat transfer coefficient and thermal diffusivity. The thermal-hydraulic analysis of the reactor core has been performed in steady state at different powers. The requirements for changing the reactor power are not to change the fuel center temperature and Outer Cladding Surface temperature compared to the current state.
Language:
English
Published:
Radiation Physics and Engineering, Volume:5 Issue: 2, Spring 2024
Pages:
11 to 23
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