Unraveling the Impact of Blood Transfusion on Transcription Factors Regulating T Helper 1, 2, 17 and Regulatory T cells

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

T helper 1 (TH1) and TH2 lymphocytes are the most important components of the immune system affected by blood transfusion. This study aimed`` to evaluate the effect of blood transfusion on gene expression of transcription factors related to the development of TH1, TH2, TH17 and regulatory T cells (Tregs). In this cross-sectional study, 20 patients diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysms requiring surgical repair were studied from January 2018 to August 2020. We utilized real-time PCR to evaluate the expression of transcription factor genes associated with TH1, TH2, TH17, and Treg, namely T-box-expressed-in-T-cells (T-bet), GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA-3), retinoid-related orphan receptor (RORγt), and fork head box protein 3 (Foxp3), respectively. The sampling occurred before anesthesia, 24- and 72 hours post-transfusion, and at the time of discharge. The results showed that the T-bet gene expression, compared to the time before transfusion, was significantly decreased 24 hours after blood transfusion and upon discharge while GATA3 genes exhibited a significant reduction both 24 and 72 hours after the transfusion, as compared to the pre-transfusion levels and the time of patient discharge. The Foxp3 gene demonstrated an increase at all study stages, with a notable surge, particularly 72 hours after red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Conversely, the expression of RORγt gene, consistently decreased throughout all stages of the study. RBC transfusion in abdominal aortic aneurysm patients altered the balance of transcription gene expression of TH1, TH2, TH17, and Treg cells.

Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Volume:23 Issue: 1, Feb 2024
107 to 114
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!