Effect of Deep Brain Stimulation on Parkinson Disease Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Article Type:
Review Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Patients in the early stages of Parkinson disease (PD) may have subtle cognitive deficits, while overt cognitive deficits are usually manifestations of late-stage PD. There is still a debate on the outcome of deep brain stimulation (DBS) on the cognitive function of PD patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of subthalamic nucleus (STN)-DBS on the dementia of PD patients after surgery compared to medical therapy and other procedures. 


We searched PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science database on October 2020, with keywords: “Deep brain stimulation,” “Parkinson disease,” “dementia,” and “memory.” Reviews, abstracts, case presentations, and letters were excluded. 


In total, 491 studies were screened after removing the duplicates. The screening results yielded 81 articles to be screened for eligibility. Finally, 6 studies were included in this meta-analysis for synthesis. Overall, 800 patients were included in this meta-analysis, using the Mattis dementia rating scale (MDRS) and descriptive data from the articles extracted to assess global dementia.


Our results suggest that the STN-DBS group showed a larger cognitive decline than the patients receiving the best medical treatment (BMT). However, comparing STN-DBS with globus pallidus interna stimulation and pallidotomy could not demonstrate a significant statistical effect on the global dementia of patients. More long-term studies with larger sample sizes are needed to validate current findings.

Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Volume:15 Issue: 2, Mar-Apr 2024
157 to 164
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