فهرست مطالب

مطالعات جامعه شناختی جوانان - پیاپی 23 (Autumn 2016)
  • پیاپی 23 (Autumn 2016)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1395/09/27
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Ali Asghar Abbasi Asfajir, Sepideh Tavana Pages 9-18
    This study aimed to investigate the moderator role of attachment styles in marital satisfaction and quality of life in married working women. This research is a co-relational design. The group included 514 married women who were working in the laboratories in Rasht. With stratified random selection of 200 women from the group were selected from 8 laboratories. The population included 514 married women who were working in the laboratories in Rasht with stratified random sampling from among 8 laboratories as the sample size. To collecting data, Hazan and Shaver (1987) Attachment Style Scale, Olsonet al. (1989) marital satisfaction Scale and Varousherbon (1992) quality of life Scale were used. The results showed that moderating role of attachment styles in marital satisfaction and quality of life. Among the predicted or variables, avoidant attachment style has the highest contribution to predict marital satisfaction and quality of life. It can be said that attachment styles can be considered as factors influencing satisfaction and quality of life and the results should be considered in training couples.
    Keywords: Attachment styles, Marital satisfaction, Quality of life
  • Sona Harareh, Hamed Barjasteh Pages 19-34
    This study embarks upon uncovering the probable difference in willingness to communicate between Iranian male and female EFL learners. To undertake the present research, it was limited to socio-cognitive perspective. More precisely, it aimed to distinguish the types and frequency of socio-cognitive strategies used by Iranian students as far as their gender was concerned. In doing so, 32 advance learners (16 males and 16 females) were asked to fill up a WTC and Socio-cultural strategy use questionnaire. The result revealed that both groups were similar in the cognitive strategy use. In addition, males were more willingness to communicate than female learners. This finding has implication for language teachers, social sciences, psycho-linguistic and socio-linguistic teachers and learner.
    Keywords: Willingness to communicate, Socio, cognitive strategies, Young learners, Communication apprehension, Triadic Reciprocal Determinism
  • Masoud Darabi, Monirsadat Mirmohammadi Pages 35-42
    Social responsibility as an important process in any society have contributed to the development and strengthening of sustainable community and its growth, but it will not be possible to identify the factors influencing responsible behavior.
    This study aims to "investigate the effects on the social responsibility of young people on Post Modern Culture in Tehran. Theoretical Foundation of variables and parameters of the study on the theoretical basis by Harvey, Jameson, Bauman, Baudrillard, Giddens, Bourdieu, Inglehart, has been developed. In order to achieve this goal, the responsibility of the youth of the various influential variables as independent variables was used postmodern. In this study significantly dependent variable with independent variables were evaluated. Results from a survey questionnaire and data collected have its validity and reliability. The population of young people in Teheran comprises of about 18 to 29 years of age. SPSS results indicate that the responsibility variables affect postmodern. The results revealed that cultural postmodern significant relationship with the youth's responsibility. Taking a central component of the value (3.29) is the highest amount of average rethinking the value of the component with the lowest average value is 2.78.
    Keywords: Responsibility, Youth, Postmodern, Postmodern society
  • Reza Esamaeili, Alireza Abedinzadeh Pages 43-56
    The line between lifestyle and social identity in sociology is based on the distinction between traditional and modern society. In traditional societies lifestyle and social identity are based on their related features. However, in this regard, in terms of time precedence, modern societies mainly offer two different answers, each based on different theoretical approaches. The first and the older approach focuses on productive activities and one's place in the social identity constructive system; and the second which is the newer approach, considers one’s consumption behavior as the basis for social identity. The first approach is related to the concept of social class and the second approach is summed up in the concept of lifestyle. Methodology of the present research is based on Delphi technique focused on the urban middle -class youth who are 15 to 29 years old and the research partners are selected from university professors. The present study uses three basic indices from the available indicators and they have been changed to be applicable for this analysis. The aim of this study is to provide new criteria based on novel social groupings considering recent decade lifestyle that indicates the boundaries of identity.
    Keywords: Lifestyle, Late modernity, Consumption, Social identity
  • Sayad Gholshan, Seifollah Seifollahi, Alireza Mohseni Tabrizi Pages 57-64
    Social interaction among different ethnic groups has been a major focus of study in the world in recent decades. The population of Iran is composed of variety of ethnic groups (such as linguistic, religious and cultural) and for this study the people of different backgrounds are considered. This article will discuss the types of social interaction among different ethnic groups and the role of youth in Iran. This research was carried out in 20 high schools in west Azarbaijan. The nature of social interaction in this study is classified according to several factors such as ethnicity, gender, and academic achievements. The students were given a set of questionnaire and findings were analyzed quantitatively and the results showed that students prefer to be mixed with others in their own ethnic group.
    Keywords: Social interaction among different ethnic groups has been a major focus of study in the world in recent decades. The population of Iran is composed of variety of ethnic groups (such as linguistic_religious_cultural)_for this study the peopl
  • Davood Mashhadi Heidar, Maryam Kaviani Pages 65-76
    Telegram is now considered as one of the most famous platform online social networks among media university students. Nowadays, the immense popularity of social networking websites such as Telegram has created new opportunities for English learners. Accordingly, the present study aims to investigate whether Telegram would be an effective and easy learning tool of vocabulary for Iranian female EFL learners at Intermediate Level at Payam Noor University, Babol, Iran. The participants in this study were 50 female EFL learners, ranging from 18-28 years old, selected from 100 cases. Pretest and posttest were also used to assess learner's knowledge about vocabulary taught during the session (four weeks). The data were collected and analyzed by SPSS. The results indicated that in spite of the popularity of social networks, Telegram learning can bring unique technological and pedagogical advantages for EFL learners and has a significantly positive effect on the development of vocabulary learning. The findings of this study are considered to be useful in English methodology issue.
    Keywords: Telegram, Vocabulary, EFL learners, Social network, Intermediate level
  • Atefeh Pourakbar, Seifollah Farzaneh, Abolghasem Heidarabadi Pages 77-86
    The purpose of the present paper is to peruse the internet addiction position and also examined the relationship between the internet addiction and age, gender, and marital status. The statistical group consists of the university students at Islamic Azad University in Babol in 2015, which have access to the internet connection with utilizing a simple random sampling technique. Moreover, based on the present research findings, the most addictive internet among some of the university students is seen the married women at the age between 25 to 30 years. Also the Chi-Square Tests indicate that there are relationships between marital status, gender, and age and internet addiction.
    Keywords: Internet addiction, Age, Gender, Marital status, Chi, Square Tests
  • Mohammadhassan Sharbatiyan, Leila Rashidi Toroghi Pages 87-106
    The present paper aimed at assessing the effects of young people’s indicators of life skills. The theoretical foundation of this research was obtained from Adler’s and the World Health Organization’s viewpoints on life skill and mental health. The method of this study was a survey (applied, descriptive and correlation), and the sample group consisted of young people aged 15-29 in Hajiabad town in South Khorasan province. The sample group of this study included 368 people the achieved from the Cochran’s formula. The study instrument was the standardized questionnaires of life skills and mental health. The evaluation of the questionnaires was 88% with respect to life skills and about 73% regarding mental health. Descriptive statistics indicated that the majority of the respondents were between the ages of 21 and 23. The majority of the participants held a high school diploma, and had an average income. Problem-solving and decision-making had the highest mean, and the critical thinking and creativity had the lowest mean among the life skills indicators. The young people’s mental indicators did not have significant differences. The findings of regression test showed that decision-making and self-awareness explained mental health very well. Self-assertion and creative thinking, respectively, had a marginal role in explaining mental health. With respect to correlation coefficient (R) between the variables, there was a strong relationship (about 95%), and the amount of the adjusted coefficient of determination was 93% which showed that 93% of the total changes affected the mental health.
    Keywords: Life Skills, Mental Health, Young People, Haji Abad, relationship