فهرست مطالب

  • سال بیست و یکم شماره 2 (پیاپی 82، تابستان 1396)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1396/04/27
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Seyed Rahman Hosseini*, Javad Ejei, Masoud Gholamali Lavasani, Shiva Khalili Page 118
    The purpose of the current study to examine the effect of group based reality therapy was on choice theory on increasing of social adjustment and self- regulation in adolescents. Samples were 24 students 14-18 old, that obtained low scores in California Personality Inventory(CPI) and Self- Regulation Questionnaire(SRQ), and selected and devise to experimental and control groups by random sampling procedure. The experimental group participated in 8 sessions group reality therapy and each session lasted about 90 minutes, but the control group did not participate in there sessions. The data analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance method, and showed that there were a significant difference between means in experimental and control groups. The results of this research showed that reality therapy group as an education and treatment can be effective in increasing social adjustment and self- regulation.
    Keywords: reality therapy, social adjustment, self- regulation, adolescents
  • Hajar Barati*, Seyed Hamidreza Oreyzi Samani Page 133
    Wall, Jackson and Mularky (1995) questionnaire with five factors, is designed to measure the dimensions of job demands and job control. But an internal previous study, did not confirm the number of factors considered by the questionnaire makers. In this study, this questionnaire was performed on two samples and its exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was esfimated. The first sample consisted of 151 employees of Isfahan Petrochemical company that were selected randomly. The second sample included 715 employees of three refineries of Isfahan, Shiraz and Tabriz. In exploratory factor analysis with Oblimen method on the first sample, five factors appeared which included two control (timing and method) and three job demands (monitoring, problem-solving, production responsibility) dimensions. Confirmatory factor analysis also confirmed the five factors in the questionnaire. Assessment job control and job demands dimensions in work design with current research instrument, will lead to better and more accurate work designs.
    Keywords: factor analysis, job control, job demand
  • Zohreh Latifi*, Sara Aghababaei Page 151

    Töhe aim of the current study was to investigate the efficacy of social skills training on social competence and self- esteem of students with learning disabilities. Therefore, 40 students with learning disabilities were selected through purposive sampling method and randomly divided into experimental and control groups (each group consisted of 20 students). Social skills training were employed on experimental group for 10 sessions. Analyzing data was performed by Mancova. Finding’s indicated that social skills training is statistically significant on improvement of self-esteem and social competence of students with learning disabilities in post-test level. Also at follow up level on variables, there was no significant difference between experimental and control groups. Considering the fact that students with learning disabilities in addition to academic problems, they have problems in social skills, low self esteem, depression, and other disorders, then in addition to removing these academic problems interventions to fix their behavioral problems is needed. However, period time it takes to increase child’s self-esteem and social competence, by continning teaching method by parents the stability of behavior are guaranteed the training of children by parents can be expected to improve self-esteem and social competence in behavior and... .

    Keywords: social skills, self- esteem, social competence, learning disabilities
  • Soheyla Hashemi, Abbas Akbari* Page 167
    The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of life orientation in relationship between attachment styles dimensions and happiness in high school students. Two hundred sixty seven male and female high school students of Babolsar city were selected by random multi-stage cluster sampling method. To gathering data, Attachment Styles Scale(Collins & Read, 1990) , Life Orientation Test-R (Scheier, Carver, Bridges, 1994) & Oxford Happiness Inventory (Hills & Argyle, 2001) questionnaire were used. In order to evaluate the proposed model of this study, path analyze method was used. Regarding the values obtained for the indexes, data were fitted with the proposed model of the research. Direct hypothesis examination indicated that : (1) the secure attachment style was a positive predictor for the optimism and happiness (2) the insecure attachment avoidant style was a negative predictor for the optimism and the insecure attachment ambivalent style was a negative predictore for the optimism and happiness (3) the optimism was a negative predictor for the happiness. Indirect hypothesis examination indicated that: (1) the secure attachment style was a positive predictor for the happiness (2) the insecure attachment avoidant style and the insecure attachment ambivalent style were negative predictors for the happiness.
    Keywords: attachment styles, life orientation, happiness
  • Fahime Mohamadpour*, Nurollah Mohamadi, Changiz Rahimi Page 184
    The main objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of group therapy based on Islamic ontology on spiritual pain in students with depression problems. The method used in this study was empirical method with the pretest-posttest with a control group. Participants were undergraduate students at Technical – Professional University in 93-94 academic years. To conduct the study, 30 female students participating in the program were randomly replaced in two groups. Jempirical (n=15) and control (n=15). The following instruments were used: Beck Depression Inventory-II (1968) and Spiritual Pain Inventory. Data were analyzed using ANCOVA. Results showed that treatment with Islamic ontology approach was significantly (p
    Keywords: depression_group therapy_spiritual pain_students_individual experiencing an existential a vaccume
  • Eskandar Fathee Azar*, Turaj Hashemi, Yousef Adib, Shahram Vahedi, Seyed Mohammad Tabatabaei Page 201
    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of blended instruction on learning output (knowledge, skill & attitude) in the Quranic activities in Education office of district 2 of Tehran. Participants included 1200 male junior high school in the academic year of 2014-2015 in Tehran. Experimental and control groups were given the pretest and then, during 13 sessions experimental group trained blended instruction method ,next the post test was given to both groups. Both groups were organized by their school counselor were homogenized in accordance with their junior high school results. Three instrumentswere applied in this study: Raven Test for Intelligence variable control, Academic Achievement Questionnaire in Quranic activities made by the teacher, and Attitude Assessment towards Quran made by the researcher. To analyze the data and responding to the research hypotheses (research questions) descriptive and inferential statistics (mean and SD), multi covariance analysis of (MANCOVA) was utilized. The findings showed that there was a meaningful difference between the medium of the posttest of the learning output after the elimination of pretest effect. It means that the blended instruction improved the students learning output in the experimental group. Therefore, we can conclude that the blended instruction in learning output was of great help to the improvement of the learning of students in their Quranic activities.
    Keywords: blended instruction, learning output Quranic activities
  • Parisasadat Seyed Mousavi*, Haleh Azarmi, Bahareh Anjomshoaa Page 217
    Introduction
    The purpose of study was investigating the role of different aspects of parenting stress in two domains of child and mother in predicting maternal sensitivity and maternal caregiving quality. The method was correlation and for this purpose, 41 mother of 3 to 5 aged child dyad, were selected from 4 nursery schools. The mother- child dyad relationship were observed by Q-sort maternal behavior method for assessing maternal sensitivity and their interaction were coded, also the mothers completed the caregiving quality and parenting stress questionnaires. The results showed the child characteristics of parenting stress, included acceptance and hyperactivity could predict the responsiveness and confusion of mother and the mother characteristics of parenting stress, included depression could predict her availability. Also, the hyperactivity of child and attachment of mother were two main predictors of maternal sensitivity. The findings consistent with attachment theory confirmed the important role of parenting stress in maternal behavior expression.
    Keywords: maternal sensitivity, parenting stress, caregiving quality