فهرست مطالب

Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases - Volume:11 Issue: 2, 2019
  • Volume:11 Issue: 2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/02/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Anahita Sadeghi, Mohammad Biglari, Siavosh Nasseri, Moghadam * Pages 69-75
    The Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of alimentary system, which may be caused by infectious gastroenteritis determined as post infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS). The prevalence of PI-IBS is reported to be 4-36% in patients with infectious gastroenteritis. The exact mechanism leading to PI-IBS is not fully understood and some factors pertaining to infectious agent and host response may have a role. Rome IV diagnostic criteria provided new definition for PI-IBS. Though it is now considered a well-defined functional disorder of gastrointestinal system, no specific treatment is yet available for PI-IBS. This article reviews the latest issues on these heading about PI-IBS.
    Keywords: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Infectious gastroenteritis, Prevalence
  • Ramin Ghaderi, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Manouchehr Khoshbaten *, Amir Faravan Pages 76-83
    BACKGROUND
    Pancreatitis is a serious complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), which may lead to death. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the preventive effect of aggressive fluid therapy on the incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis.
    METHODS
    In double-blind controlled condition, 240 patients were selected and divided into two groups. The treatment of the intervention group (n = 120) included a dose of 20 mL/kg of ringer lactate infusion within 90 minutes before ERCP and 3 mL/kg/h during ERCP followed by 3 mL/kg/h up to 8 hours. The treatment of the control group (n = 120) included a dose of 1.5 mL/kg of ringer lactate infusion during ERCP up to 8 hours later. Firstly, the patients were evaluated in terms of excessive fluid and serum amylase and pain level, and then they were re-evaluated 2, 8, and 24 hours after ERCP.
    RESULTS
    The mean age of the patients was 51.57 ± 13.5 years. Most of the patients were female (54.5%). Pancreatitis was developed in 26 patients including 5.83% of the patients in the intervention group and 15.83% of the patients in the control group (p = 0.013). Pancreatic pain was seen in 7.5% of the patients in the intervention group and in 27.5% of the control group (p < 0.005). Hyperamylasemia was seen in 20.83% of the patients in the intervention group and in 35% of the control group (p = 0.014). The mean days of hospital admission was 1.308 ± 0.807 in the intervention group and 1.425 ± 0.876 in the control group (p = 0.275).
    CONCLUSION
    Aggressive fluid therapy with ringer lactate solution before ERCP can effectively prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis, pancreatic pain, and hyperamylasemia.
    Keywords: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Pancreatitis, Hyperamylasemia, Ringer lactate, Clinical trial
  • Jamshid Vafaeimanesh, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Ali Pourakbar, Seyed MousalReza Hosseini * Pages 84-89
    BACKGROUND
    Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is one of the most prevalent internal medical emergencies. Despite using several methods of treatment, effective treatment cannot be achieved in some patients. Hemostasis powder® is a mineral-herbal product. This emulsion was able to coagulate blood in, in vitro studies and also was effective in the treatment of mucosal and cutaneous bleeding in animal studies, without any toxicity. We decided to compare its effect on the treatment of human GI bleeding with the other common method for treatment of GI bleeding “argon plasma coagulation plus epinephrine injection” in a pilot randomized clinical trial.
    METHODS
    The patients with GI bleeding who were admitted to the emergency wards of Ghaem and Imam-Reza Hospitals in Mashhad were randomized to treatment with Hemostasis powder® or “argon plasma coagulation plus epinephrine injection” method, with randomized doctors, after complete testimonial sheet. The patients underwent re-endoscopy to evaluate the ulcers 3 days later, and were under observation for 3 months. After achieving the number of patients that was planned (20 patients), all data were entered to SPSS software version 20 and were analyzed with parametric and non-parametric tests.
    RESULTS
    The treatment success was 95% in both groups. There was no complication after treatment of GI bleeding in the two groups after 3 months. No rebreeding was reported in Hemostasis powder® group but 10 % was reported in “argon plasma coagulation plus epinephrine injection” group.
    CONCLUSION
    It seems that if the successful results occur in the future complimentary studies, Hemostasis powder® can be used as a new, effective, available, and inexpensive measure in the treatment of GI bleeding and also in the GI bleedings that cannot be treated with common available methods.
    Keywords: Gastrointestinal bleeding, Samen-ista emulsion, Argon plasma coagulation, Hemostasis powder®
  • Alireza Mirsharifi, Ali Ghorbani Abdehgah *, Rasoul Mirsharifi, Mehdi Jafari, Noor Fattah, Javad Mikaeli, Ahmad Reza Soroush Pages 90-97
    BACKGROUND
    Achalasia is the most well known esophageal motility disorder. Laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) is the most effective treatment for achalasia. The aim of this study was to review our results on LHM for achalasia.
    METHODS
    In this cross-sectional study all patients undergoing LHM between 2015 and 2017 were studied. The myotomy was followed by an anterior or posterior partial fundoplication. All patients were followed up for at least six months.
    RESULTS
    We conducted this prospective study on 36 consecutive patients who underwent LHM over 3 years. The mean age of the patients was 36.64 ± 13.47 years. 30 patients (83.3%) underwent Toupet and 6 patients (16.7%) received Dor fundoplication. 11 patients (30.6%) developed reflux after the procedure. According to the Eckardt Symptom Scoring (ESS), the symptoms improved in 74.2% of the patients and remained unchanged in 25.8% of the patients. Analysis of the ESS, indicated a significant change in regurgitation and retrosternal pain, dysphagia, and weight loss after the surgery (p = 0.001, p = 0.002, p = 0.046, and p = 0.001, respectively).
    CONCLUSION
    LHM with anterior or posterior partial fundoplication is safe and achieves a good outcome in the treatment of achalasia, especially in patients who have not responded to other methods while no serious complication was reported despite several prior endoscopic interventions.
    Keywords: Heller myotomy, Achalasia, Tertiary center, Laparoscopy, Botulinum toxin, Complication
  • Farinaz Behfarjam, Siavash Nasseri, Moghaddam, Zohreh Jadali * Pages 98-103
    BACKGROUND
    T cells are major players in chronic inflammatory diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). However, it is not clear which subset of T cells participates in the pathophysiology of the disease. The aim of this study was to assess the expression profile of signature transcription factor and cytokines of T helper 17 (Th17) cells in patients with AIH.
    METHODS
    A total of 24 patients with AIH and 24 normal subjects were recruited in the study. Comparison of gene expression patterns between the patients and normal subjects was done by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).
    RESULTS
    The results showed that retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptors gamma (RORɣt), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), and interleukin-22 (IL-22) mRNA expression were increased greatly in the patients group compared with the normal controls group (p < 0.05).
    CONCLUSION
    Deregulated production of Th17-related molecules may be associated with the pathogenesis of AIH.
    Keywords: Autoimmune hepatitis, Autoimmunity-Gene Expression Profiling, Cytokines
  • Mohammad Reza Mir, Marzieh Lashkari, Reza Ghalehtaki, Ali Mir *, AmirHossein Latif Pages 104-109
    BACKGROUND
    Esophagectomy is the mainstay of treatment for esophageal cancer. Although different surgical approaches have been described, choosing the most appropriate technique is still on debate. We compared the complications of transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) versus left transthoracic esophagectomy (LTE) among a group of Iranian patients with gastroesophageal junction cancer.
    METHODS
    This was a retrospective study between 2011 and 2013 on 40 patients with gastroesophageal cancer. 23 patients underwent THE and the others underwent LTE. 30-day postoperative mortality, complications, duration of hospital stay, and number of dissected lymph nodes were studied.
    RESULTS
    37.5% of the patients had squamous cell carcinoma. No mortality was seen. Totally, 10 patients suffered from complications. Cardiac and pulmonary complications occurred in eight and six patients, respectively. No patients suffered from vocal cord injuries and anastomotic leakage. The mean duration of postoperative hospital stay was 11.82 ± 3.8 days, and the mean number of dissected lymph nodes was 8.2 ± 3.9. No significant difference was seen between the two groups (p > 0.05).
    CONCLUSION
    Choosing between the approaches for resection of gastroesophageal cancer may not impact the complications and mortality rates. We propose that LTE approach could be used safely in comparison with THE, and that selecting between THE and LTE may be based on the surgeon’s preference and experience.
    Keywords: Esophagectomy, Gastroesophageal junction cancer, Transhiatal esophagectomy, Left transthoracic esophagectomy, Complication, Iran
  • Alireza Samadi, Fariborz Mansour, Ghanaei, Farahnaz Joukar *, Sara Mavaddati, Iman Sufi Afshar Pages 110-115
    Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute monophasic immune-mediated polyradiculoneuropathy. Here, we report a case of a young man with acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) subtype of GBS having hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection. A 30-year-old man with icterus was referred to emergency center of Razi Hospital. He complained of flu-like symptoms 10 days before the onset of icterus. Also, he suffered from gradual fatigue and weakness with dark urine. He experienced neurological symptoms of muscle paralysis (ascending from the legs to hands). Neurological consultant suspected GBS at the first step based on clinical examinations. He was candidate for five sessions of plasmapheresis. The ultrasonography revealed liver span 166 mm, which was greater than the normal range, with normal parenchymal echo. The gallbladder wall was thicker than normal and gallstone with lesion was not seen in different conditions. He was discharged after total improvement of neurological symptoms and muscular power. In addition, the results of International normalized ratio (INR), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), prothrombin time (PT), alkaline phosphatase (ALK), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) , aspartate aminotransferase (AST), bilirubin total and direct (Bil T, D) tests were normal after 2-month follow-up. Although, acute viral infections such as hepatitis E virus (HEV) is common in patients with GBS; the possibility of HAV infection in patients with its risk factor should not be neglected.
    Keywords: Guillain-Barré syndrome, Hepatitis A, Nervous System Diseases
  • Ahmad Hormati, Farhad Zamani, Mohammad Mohaddes, Mohammad Saeidi, Faezeh Alemi * Pages 116-118
    A 52-year-old woman with a history of laparoscopic cholecystectomy within the past 2 weeks, presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and icter from 2 days earlier. She complained of an epigastric pain with radiation to the back, which was aggravated after taking a meal and did not change with position.
    Keywords: Bleeding, ERCP, Sphincterotomy