فهرست مطالب

Animal Biosystematics - Volume:14 Issue:2, 2019
  • Volume:14 Issue:2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/02/09
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Yazdan Keivany *, Mazaher Zamani, Faradonbe, Sayyed Mohammad Ali Mousavi, S. Dorafshan Pages 73-89

    Morphological variation of Alburnus mossulensis (Heckel, 1843) populations in Iran were investigated by collection of 705 specimens from 27 rivers of five basins, including Bushehr, Fars, Karkheh, Karun and tributaries of Tigris (Diyala) basin in Iran in 2010 by a seine net. The specimens were fixed in 10% formalin for further investigation after anesthetizing in 1% clove oil solution. Twenty-two morphometric and 11 meristic characters were examined. Morphometric characters in adjusted form and meristic characters in classified form were used for population comparison. Analysis of morphometric and meristic characters by ANOVA showed significant differences (p<0.05) in all basins for all characters except the number of dorsal and anal fin spines. Classification of meristic characters showed most specimens of all basins have eight soft rays in dorsal fin, 12 soft rays in anal fin, 19 soft rays in caudal fin, 15 soft rays in pectoral fin and nine soft rays in pelvic fin. Discriminant function analysis showed that populations from Fars and Karun Basins were different from each other and from other populations, on the other hand, populations from Diyala, Karkheh and Bushehr basins overlapped. This result may indicate that there are similar conditions in Diyala, Karkheh and Bushehr basins, resulting in more similarity amongst the populations of these basins.

    Keywords: morphology, Alburnus mossulensis, morphometric, meristic
  • Loghman Maleki *, Hamidreza Heidari, Edris Ghaderi, Jalal Rostamzadeh Pages 91-103

    Clinostomum spp. have a long uncertain taxonomic history which also have attracted great attentions. This could be due to their zoonotic potential and the presence of yellow grubs in the fish as a second intermediate host. In the current study, a total of 3oo freshwater fish belonging to the nine species were collected from two stations in the Gheshlagh basin, Kurdistan Province. Four species including Alburnus mossulensis, Capoeta damascina, Garra rufa and Squalius cephalus were found to be infected with the metacercariae. The highest prevalence (4.1%) and mean abundance (0.31±0.37) were observed in C. damascina. The metacercariae were identified using molecular (Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS)), SEM and morphological analysis as Clinostomum complanatum. The phylogenetic analysis of four sequences of ITS gene were conducted. The specimens were placed within a lineage of C. complanatum and formed a clade with other Clinostomum species in the Palearctic region. The current study revealed the C. damascina, G. rufa and A. mossulensis as new hosts for C. complanatum and first report of this metacercariae in the region. Furthermore, the present study demonstrate the first molecular and morphological data on C. complanatum of the Iranian freshwater fish.

    Keywords: Clinostomum complanatum, freshwater fish, Gheshlagh basin, ITS gene, morphology
  • Hamed Banazadeh, Samira Hajialiloo *, Gh. Moravvej Pages 105-115

    The house mouse (Mus musculus) is a small mammal of the order Rodentia. In general, this species inflicts many direct and indirect economic losses and public health problems. Mainly economic losses are the damage to building installations, building structures, and stored products, poultry farms. Trapping is an effective and often used common method of controlling mice. To decrease the use of poison baits and environmental protection, controlling mice by traps is very important. In this study, the efficiency of Faragir trap (multicatch live trap) compared to the snap trap (single capture dead trap) in controlling house mice in Mashhad were evaluated. Also mice trapping pattern and mice response to Faragir trap were assessed. In trapping period, peanut baits were replaced in all traps, 40 Faragir traps and 40 snap traps were set for five consecutive nights in poultry farm, agricultural farm field and building. Faragir traps were also visited daily; number of captured mice was recorded and the captured mice were retained inside traps until the end of trapping period. To reduce experimental error; the places of traps were not changed during this study and after trapping in each place, all traps were washed with hot water and maintained in fresh air for three days, so that the smell of previously captured mice goes away. The factorial analysis of variance on trap efficiency against Mus musculus indicated that the main effects of trap type, place and trapping nights and the interaction of place × trapping nights were significant, but the interaction of the trap type × place and trapping nights × trap type were not significant. However, trap success against Mus musculus for Faragir and snap traps, were achieved 35.5 and 18.5% respectively. Generally, both of traps were more effective indoor compared to outdoor in mice control.

    Keywords: Mus musculus, trap efficiency, control, Faragir trap
  • Behzad Fathinia *, Nasrin Feili, Nasrullah Rastegar, Pouyani, Ahmad Gharzi Pages 117-122

    The genus Eirenis encompasses 20 small-sized colubrid species, showing its highest diversity with 13 species in Iran. Eirenis coronelloides (Jan, 1862) is one of these 13 species which found in western Iran. Two additional specimens of this species were collected in western Ilam Province, Western Iran. This taxon has a crescent-like distribution in the Middle-East with eastern ramous extended in the western and southwestern regions of Iran. Morphological analyses of the additional specimens are presented. The number of ventrals in some specimens increases geographically from west to the east. This taxon is distributed in two different geographic regions, namely the Zagros Mountains and the western foothills of the Zagros Mountains, with different climatic conditions. This species is sympatric with at least three congeners in western Iran, namely E. collaris, E. persicus and E. punctatolineatus.

    Keywords: Eirenis coronelloides, Ilam, Iran, sympatry, Zagros Mountains
  • Ghasem M. Kashani * Pages 123-130

    In the present study, a species list of identified terrestrial isopods in the fauna of Iran is provided based on the literature records. The list contains 45 species belonging to 25 genera and 11 families, of which two genera and 21 species are endemic to the country. Distributional data is provided for each species. Embracing 19 species, the family Agnaridae Schmidt, 2003 contain the highest number of species in Iran. In the near future several undescribed species will presumably be added to the list.

    Keywords: Oniscidea, terrestrial isopods, checklist, Iran
  • Fatemeh Nazari *, Omid Mirshamsi, Alireza Sari, Mansour Aliabadian Pages 131-136

    In the study on biodiversity and systematics of meiobenthic copepods from northern coastline of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, a canuelloid species, Canuellina insignis Gurrney, 1927 was found. This is the first report of the species in Iranian waters and also in the area.

    Keywords: Canuellidae, Copepods, meiobenthic, littoral zone, Iran
  • Mohammad Ahmad, hosseini, Mohammad Khanjani *, Ali Reza Nourian Pages 137-149

    Aceria tristriatus (Nalepa, 1890) is one of the major pests of walnut (Juglans regia L.: Juglandaceae) in Iran, especially in western of country. It causes galls on leaves that mainly concentrated along the main and lateral veins. The gall forms toward the upper surface of the leaf with the opening on the lower side. This paper reports the re–description of adult stages (protogyne, deutogyne and male) and description of immature stages of walnut leaf gall mite. Furthermore difference between all mobile stages in this species based on morphological characteristics is provided. Mites were collected from walnut trees infested with this pest in Hamedan and Lorestan provinces, western Iran

    Keywords: complementary description, different stages, walnut leaf gall mite, western Iran