فهرست مطالب

میراث شهاب - پیاپی 93 (پاییز 1397)
  • پیاپی 93 (پاییز 1397)
  • 244 صفحه،
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/02/25
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Sayyid Maḥmūd Mar‘ashī Najafī Page 3

    Before establishing his endowed public library, Āyatullah Sayyid Shahāb al- Dīn Mar‘ashī Najafī was diligent to develop other libraries, among them, the Library of Lady M‘aṣūma’s Holy Shrine. In this article, some of his endowed manuscripts to that library are provided in a list based on the alphabet of the titles. Most of these books were endowed to the Holy Shrine in 1372 and 1384 AH. Among them, there are valuables from the eighth and eleventh centuries along with manuscripts which have been corrected by the earlier scholars. The author has elaborated on some of the scholars and books.

    Keywords: Mar‘ashī Najafī, Sayyid Shahāb al-Dīn – Book donation, Libraryof Lady M‘aṣūma’s Holy Shrine – History, Qom – libraries, Manuscripts –Qom, Manuscripts – the valuables, Libraries of Qom – history
  • Muḥammad Kāẓim Raḥmatī Page 89

    Based on the manuscripts, the present article has studied the history of Imamites. The first topic is the contribution of Imamites’ scholars to the philosophical traditions. The next topic has discussed the Shī‘a history in the old Bahrain (Al-Aḥsā; Qaṭīf and Awāl) based on the evidences from the codicology and paleography. In this latter part, some clans from Aḥsā who have immigrated to Iran are discussed; in addition, the less known scholarand jurist from Aḥsā, Shaikh Abdulmuḥsin Luymī (d. 1245 AH) who ended up in Sir Jan at the end of his travel, has been elaborated in detail. Later on, a short report is provided on the importance of the research about the history of old Bahrain in the works of prof. Abdul-Khāliq Janbī. Last topics are notes about the attitude of Imamites’ scholars of Safavid era toward the government, the reason for writing the book Kidhb Al-Muftarā by Ibn ‘Asākir, a study about Sayyid ῌeydar Āmilī, and Allāmah ῌillī and the book T‘abīr al-Ruyā attributed to Ibn sīrīn.

    Keywords: Old Bahrain, Abdulmuḥsin Luymī, Khamīs Mosque, Ibn ‘Asākir, Sayyid ῌeydar Āmilī, Ibn sīrīn
  • ‘Abdul Ḥussayn Ṭāli‘ī Page 127

    This article reviews the book «Notables› letters» which is a selection of the letters by notable figures and scholars to Āyatullāh Sayyid Shahāb al-Dīn Mar‘ashī Najafī. The author of the present article writes a general introduction of the book, describes the diversity of its content and the letter writers, and refers to a part of the evidences of this letter collection that has been published in the past. Then he enumerates the themes of the letters under some titles and gives in a topical guide about them that involves narration license, autobiographies, genealogy, new findings about some prominent figures, social, cultural, and seminarian endeavors of the late Mar‘ashī, and books about which a point or description has been given in the foregoing letters (based on the alphabetical order of the book names). Moreover, some scientific points asserted in the letters about topics such as the qur’ānic sciences, Islamic traditions, biography writing, history, Islamic beliefs, bibliography, genealogy, occult sciences, and Imām Mahdī (a) are examined. The article ends with some criticisms of the books and suggestions for its forthcoming imprints.

    Keywords: Notables› letters (book) – criticism, introduction, Mar‘ashīNajafī, Sayyid Shahāb al-Dīn – written works, Scientific correspondence, Bibliography, History of the 14th century AH, Scholars of the 14th centuryAH
  • Sayyid ‘Alī Malakūtī Page 153

    With regard to the ancient Persian translations of the Qur’ān, the author believes in both the content aspect which deals with the explication of the qur’ānic truths, and the linguistic aspect which emphasizes the role of such translations in the consolidation and expansion of the Persian language. Then, the focus turns to Kashf al-Asrār wa ‘Uddat al-Abrār commentary authored by Abulfaḍl Rashīd al-Dīn Meybudī, a brief introduction to it, the explanation of its author›s (normal and rhymed) prose styles, and a report on the endeavors done to publicize Meybudī.

    Keywords: Kashf al-Asrār wa ‘Uddat al-Abrār (book) – introduction andstylistics, Meybudī, Rashīd al-Dīn, Persian language – history, expansion, Persian literary works – 6th century, Qur’ān – ancient Persian translations
  • Abulfaḍl ῌāfiẓiyān Bābulī Page 163

    This article introduces the book “ῌerqat al-Fuād wa Jamrat al-Akbād” by Sayyid ῌasan Qāinī (13th century AH), Imamite Shī‘a scholar, who has written about the Pure Five (as); however, most of this writing is allocated to the biography of Imam ῌussein (as). The writer has provided the biography and the works of Qāinī in jurisprudence, principles, logic, and the signs of their manuscripts that none of which has not yet been published and they still are mingled. Then, he has explained the book ῌerqat al-Fuād, its theme, and its manuscripts and has concluded that this book is rare.

    Keywords: Qāinī, Sayyid ῌasan (13th century AH), Khurasan -- Shī‘ascholars, ῌerqat al-Fuād wa Jamrat al-Akbād (book), writing Maqtal, Imamῌussein (as), manuscripts
  • ‘Alī Ṣadrā’ī Khu’ī Page 179

    This article is about Kamāl al-Dīn Ḥussayn Ilāhī Ardabīlī (9th and 10th centuries AH), the Twelver Shī‘a scholar from Ardabīl who has written tens of books in Persian to promote the Shī‘a knowledge. Among these are his commentaries on Nahj al-Balāgha that attracted the attention of his contemporary scholars. The author of the present article believes that the book Minhāj al-Faṣāḥa fī sharḥ Nahj al-Balāgha is the first Persian commentary on Nahj al-Balāgha. According to the biography of Ilāhī that is presented in this article, he taught for five decades in Shaikh Ṣafī al-Dīn Ardabīlī monument in Ardabīl, and has been a judge there, too. The author of the article has provided the chronologically-ordered list of resources used in his biography, and has presented the bibliography of nearly forty books penned by him in the three languages of Persian, Azeri Turkic, and Arabic in various topics (including Islamic beliefs, pilgrimage prayer texts, the interpretation of the Qur’ān, mathematics, Islamic theology, Islamic jurisprudence, principles of Islamic jurisprudence, astrology, and literature). Book replications and his ownership of the books and his scientific licenses are another part of his scientific services. Ilāhī has allocated four of his books to Nahj al-Balāgha. The author of the article extensively discusses them, their manuscripts, their position in the set of commentaries on Nahj al-Balāgha, makes their themes known, and composes divine poems based on them.

    Keywords: Nahj al-Balāgha (book) – Persian commentaries, Ilāhī Ardabīlī, Kamāl al-Dīn Ḥussayn (9th, 10 centuries AH) – biography, works, Minhāj al-Faṣāḥa fī sharḥ Nahj al-Balāgha (book), Manuscripts, Ardabīl –Shī‘a scholars, Shaikh Ṣafī al-Dīn Ardabīlī monument – teachers, judges, 10 century AH) – poems
  • Abulfaḍl Muradī (Rastā) Page 219

    The refrain of Mullānā ῌasan Kāshī (d. 726 AH) has a firm and known status in the realm of Shī‘a religious poetry. This symbolic status has caused many poets to try following his poem. Shi‘a poets of the subcontinent India had a special concern for composing a response to the refrain of Mullā ῌasan Kāshī and regarded it a duty and honor for themselves. Undoubtedly, one of the ways to study the religious poetry and praising and eulogizing Ahl al-Bayt (as) is researching about the responses to the Mullā ῌasan Kāshī’s refrain. One of the anonymous composers in responding to Kāshī’s poem is researched about in this article. In following and answering to Kāshī’s poem, Sayyid Mukhtār ῌussein taqawī (13th century AH) in the subcontinent of India has tested his sense of poem composing and has written a valuable and noteworthy response with the title of “Maqṣūd Nijāt”. In addition to providing the biography of the composer of this work, the text of the refrain of Sayyid Mukhtār ῌussein taqawī is provided in this article.

    Keywords: Sayyid Mukhtār ῌussein taqawī, refrain, Mullā ῌasan Kāshī, Persian Literature, praising, eulogizing, Subcontinent of India