فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:8 Issue:2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/01/12
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Reza Vazirinejad, Alireza Vakilian, Ahmadreza Sayadi*, Mostafa Habibi Pages 56-64
    Background
    The participation of patients in their private and social affairs plays a crucial role in decreasing disability and improving quality of life. The present study was conducted to determine the rate of stroke patient Participation and Autonomy in their private and social life in Rafsanjan in 2017.
    Materials and Methods
    This descriptive study included all Iranian stroke patients referring Ali Ibn Abi Talib Hospital in Rafsanjan in 2017, the total number of whom surmounted up to 100 subjects. A Persian version of Impact on Participation and Autonomy scale was used. Finally, collected data was analyzed using independent t-test and one way ANOVA.
    Results
    The results of the present research showed 37 subjects (38.1%) in the dimension of social life turned out to be at the optimum level. The dimensions of participation with people with poor income, except for autonomy in out-of-home duties and lower educational level, were statistically more than the role played by social life, duration of illness and severity of illness  )P< 0.05).
    Conclusion
    The present research showed that more than half of patients suffering from stroke turned out to be quite functioning in private and social affairs, a point which turned out to be quite directly related to income and education level. While investigating the important factors affecting the participation of patients, it is highly recommended for researchers to determine the factors affecting the participation of the patients in order to improve the quality of life through providing necessary training, better health care and rehabilitation.
    Keywords: Participation, Autonomy, Stroke, Iran
  • Alireza Khosromehr, Seyed Rasoul Davoodi* Pages 65-75
    Background
    Distracted walking is a major cause of pedestrian fatalities. Along with the expansion and popularity of mobile phones, their impacts on pedestrian safety, especially when crossing urban intersections have attracted a lot of attention. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of mobile-phone use on pedestrians’ crossing behavior when passing signalized intersections.
    Materials and Methods
    An observational study was conducted to compare the behavior of pedestrians using mobile phones (the reference group) with non-mobile phone pedestrians (the time-matched control group and the demographic-matched control group) crossing signalized intersections in 2017. For this purpose, the demographic information and walking behaviors of 513 pedestrians were observed. Furthermore, a binary logistic regression model was used to predict risky behaviors.
    Results
    Using mobile phones has a direct impact on the unsafe behavior of pedestrians crossing signalized intersections. Mobile-phone users showed significantly less safe behavior (14.6 times) than non-mobile phone users (p <0.001). Using mobile phones to talk had the greatest impact on the vulnerable behavior of pedestrians (p <0.001). SMS conversations and listening to music were in the next positions, respectively (p = 0.283).
    Conclusions
    Using mobile phones can often lead to the carelessness of pedestrians and their exposure to the possible risk of pedestrian-vehicle crashes. Applying the findings of the present research requires effective technologies and strategies to prevent the use of mobile phones by pedestrians at signalized intersections.
    Keywords: Pedestrians, Distraction, Mobile Phone, Safety
  • Hossein Saeed, Banadaky*, Hamid Pahlavanhosseini, Moslem Dehghanizadeh, Amirhoushang Mehrparvar Pages 76-80
    Background
    Upper extremity injuries can induce disability and lead to lost workdays. Given the importance of occupational injuries as one of the main causes of upper extremity injuries, this study was conducted to evaluate these kinds of injuries with regard to the age of the injured workers, degree of disability and lost workdays in the city of Yazd. 
    Materials and Methods
    In this cross-sectional study, 55 workers with occupational upper extremity injuries were recruited during 2015 to 2016 in Yazd.  Data recorded in the labor office of Yazd were collected. The characteristics of the injuries were also collected using the Quick DASH questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to report the results. Statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS (version 16) software.
    Results
    Mean Quick DASH (disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) score was 60 ± 21.3. Lost workdays of more than 6 months were observed in 52.7% of the cases.
    Conclusion
    This study showed a large number of lost workdays and high levels of disability in individuals with occupational upper extremity injuries.
    Keywords: Occupational Injuries, Upper Extremity, Disability Evaluation
  • Laleh Ajeli Lahiji*, Mohammad Ali Besharat Pages 81-87
    Background
    Quality of life and family functioning is affected by several psychological factors, of which personality traits can be noted as the most important ones. This research aimed to investigate the role of personality traits in predicting family functioning and quality of life among nurses in the city of Shiraz from 2017 to 2018.
    Materials and Methods
    This descriptive-correlational study was performed on all married nurses in Shiraz who were selected using convenience sampling method. The data collection tools included family functioning, quality of life, and personality dimensions' questionnaires. Data were analyzed in SPSS (version 23) software using simple correlation coefficients and multiple regressions. 
    Results
    The results showed that 26% of the variance in family functioning of nurses is explained by the components of neuroticism, flexibility, extroversion, and 24% of the variance in quality of life is explained by the components of personality traits. In addition, 20% of the variance in the quality of life of nurses is explained by the flexibility components. It should be noted that the level of significance in this study was set at 0.05(α = 0.05).
    Conclusion
      Based on the results of this study, since personality traits play an important role in the quality of life and family functioning of nurses in different dimensions. it is necessary to make plans for improving the quality of life and family functioning of nurses. It is also recommended that mental health be evaluated periodically to improve QOL and family functioning of nurses.
    Keywords: Personality, Quality of Life, Nurses, Iran
  • Rahim Abdollahfam, Jahangir Yari Haj Ataloo*, Behnam Talebi, Davood Ebrahimpour Pages 88-93
    Background
    Individual and professional features have a positive impact on success, performance improvement, and other behavioral variables in all organizations. Social health is an important components for the employees of every organization. This research was carried out to investigate the effect of individual and professional factors on the social health of faculty members of Islamic Azad universities in East Azarbaijan province, Iran.
    Materials and Methods
    This is a descriptive-correlational study. The participants of the study were 320 faculty members of Islamic Azad Universities in East Azarbaijan. The data collection tools were standard questionnaires for occupational, personal, and social health factors. Multiple correlation coefficient was used to analyze the data using structural equation modelling in Amos software.
    Results
    Results revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between professional features and individual factors with social health (i.e., 0.43 at the significance level of 0.002). Furthermore, the correlation coefficients between professional characteristics and individual factors (i.e., feedback, freedom of action, importance at work, identity at work, and difference in skill) and social health changes were significant (with correlation coefficients of 0.730, 0.464, 0.764, 0.423, and 0.568, respectively).
    Conclusion
    Based on the results, it can be concluded that there is a linear correlation among professional features, individual factors, and social health. A better relationship among the individual characteristics can lead to higher social health for faculty members.
    Keywords: Individual, Health, Job
  • Ehsan Bakhshi*, Faramarz Gharagozlou, Ali Moradi, Mohamad Reza Naderi Pages 94-101
    Background
    Health care centers play an important role in providing health service to the public and maintaining the health of the community. This study was an attempt to evaluate the quality of work life and its association with job burnout and job performance among healthcare employees.
    Material and Methods
    This cross-sectional study was carried out on 136 employees of healthcare centers and health homes in Islamabad-e Gharb in 2016. The data collection tools were a demographic characteristics questionnaire, Walton's Quality of Work Life Questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Hersey and Goldsmith's Job Performance Questionnaire. The statistical analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics, the spearman correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVAs, and independent t-tests.
    Results
    The quality of work life was obtained to be low for only over a quarter of participants, whereas only 0.7% of them reported it to be high. The majority of respondents (72.63%), however, stated it as moderate. The quality of work life had a significant negative correlation with job burnout (r= -0.291 P = 0.001) and held a significant positive association with job performance (r=0.642 P = 0.000).
    Conclusion
    The findings of this study suggested a clear link between the quality of working life and both job burnout and job performance. Therefore, taking actions such as providing opportunities for the staff to continue their education, increasing their salaries and benefits as well as promoting their jobs would be considered as common-sense approaches contributing to enhancing the quality of work life.
    Keywords: Burnout, Job Performance, Healthcare Workers, Iran
  • Dilşad Akal*, Mustafa Necmi Ilhan Pages 102-108
    Background
    This study aims to evaluate the negative health impacts of exposure to electromagnetic field and to prepare a risk map of two selected call centers.
    Materials and Methods
    Two call centers whose electromagnetic field values were measured by calibrated low high and point frequency measurement device. The measurements were performed by following the EN 50492 Standards. 178 employees from the first location and 153 employees from the second location responded to the questionnaire. The results of the measurements and questionnaires were evaluated by using version 23 of the IBM SPSS and version 17 of Modeler.
    Results
    The measured values for the electromagnetic field were between 371 and 32 V/m. In the 95% confidence interval, the p value for the relationship between electromagnetic field exposure and health complaints was found to be 0,089. It has been found that exposure to electromagnetic fields negatively affects health and causes complaints such as headaches, abdominal pains, eye problems, musculoskeletal problems, and indirectly affects the psychology of employees.
    Conclusion
    The measured values and the responses to the questionnairre were found to be in line with other similar studies in the literature. Based on the results of this survey, a general risk map of the workplace in terms of health and safety was prepared. Some suggestions for dealing with the health problems associated with exposure to electromagnetic fields are provided. This study may be expanded by adding other ambient measurements such as noise, air quality, and be including more call centers.
    Keywords: Call Center, Electromagnetic Field, Occupational Health, Safety
  • Davoud Hassanvand, Sajad Zare, Mohammad Reza Ghotbi, Ravandi* Pages 109-117
    Background
    Noise pollution is one of the common physical harmful factors in many work environments. The current study aimed to assess the personal and environmental noise level and project the sound map of an Iranian tire manufacturing complex using Surfer V.14 and Noise At Work tools.
    Materials and Methods
    This descriptive study was conducted in the curing hall [including curing, sandblast, and trimming units] of a tire manufacturing complex in 2018. Following ISO 9612:2009, Casella Cel-320 was used to measure the personal noise level, while CEL-450 sound level meter (Casella-Cel, the UK) was employed to assess the environmental sound pressure level [ISO 1996-1:2016].The sound and isosonic maps were projected using Surfer V.14 and Noise At Work.
    Results
    The results indicated that the highest received dose (163.30%) and personal equivalent sound level [87.13 dBA] were recorded for workers in the curing unit. The results of measuring the environmental sound pressure level also revealed that out of 101 measurement stations in the curing unit, 76 stations (75.25%) were hazardous areas (over 85 dBA).
    Conclusions
    Over 75% of the curing hall had a sound pressure level greater than 85 dBA. The curing unit was found to be the most dangerous area in terms of noise pollution. It is, therefore, necessary to implement noise control measures (e.g., the use of screens, barriers, enclosures), apply hearing conservation programs, and conduct auditory tests on workers in this unit.
    Keywords: Noise Pollution, Work, Sound, Iran