فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:12 Issue: 1, 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/12/05
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Elham Movahed* Page 1
    Objectives

    There are deficiencies in codifying and implementing the surgical safety guideline, which may result in decreasing its positive outcomes. The aim of the current study is determining the intervening conditions and the strategies for effectively implementing the surgical safety guideline in the hospitals.

    Data Sources

    Content analysis was used for analyzing the 28 qualitative articles that were searched by the systematic review in English databases such as Science Direct, PubMed, Elsevier, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar. Finally, 28 articles were entered into a research, and classified by the MAXQDA10 software.

    Results

    The intervening conditions were categorized in 21 sub-categories and three categories as follows: technical factors, human factors, and managerial-organizational factors. The strategies were categorized in 19 sub-categories and three categories as follows: technical strategies, human strategies, and managerial-organizational strategies.

    Conclusions

    It is necessary to consider the intervening conditions and strategies as a proper subset of factors related to safe surgical care.

    Keywords: Checklist, Patient, Strategies, Surgical Safety, Intervening Condition
  • Fatemeh Azarkhordad*, Hossein Jenaabadi, Vali Mehdinezhad Page 2
    Background

    Today, sexual education as an instinctive need is a lost circle in the educational system of our society.

    Objectives

    This research was carried out to investigate the effectiveness of sexual education based on mindfulness and Islamic teachings in increasing self-esteem and its related components among female adolescents.

    Methods

    This quasi-experimental research was conducted using a pretest-posttest design with a control group. A total of 60 subjects were selected by cluster random sampling method and assigned into three groups of 20 individuals. The groups were tested and matched before the intervention. Then, the experimental groups were trained using mindfulness and Islamic teaching-based sexual education in eight sessions of 90 min. The Pops’ self-esteem questionnaire was used for data collection. The reliability of the questionnaire was obtained between 0.51 and 0.75 and the validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by internal consistency.

    Results

    The mean score was higher in the Islamic teachings group than in the other groups and the mean score of the mindfulness group was higher than that of the control group. Therefore, research hypotheses were confirmed regarding the effectiveness of sexual education based on mindfulness and Islamic teachings in increasing self-esteem and its components. The results showed that mindfulness and Islamic teaching-based sexual education are effective in increasing the components of adolescents’ self-esteem.

    Conclusions

    Therefore, it can be concluded that the implementation of sexual education is essential in the curriculum context.

    Keywords: Mindfulness, Self-Esteem, Sexual Education, Female Adolescents, Islamic Teachings
  • Khadija Begum *, Mohammad Shariful Islam, Mohammad Nurul Anowar, Won Hee Lee Page 3
    Background

    Obesity has been considered as a major public health problem across the globe, and Bangladesh is not an exception in this regard.

    Objectives

    The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between lifestyles and obesity among adult working women in Dhaka.

    Methods

    This cross-sectional study was carried out using face-to-face interviews from January 2017 to June 2018. In this study, 226 working women from a public hospital and a public bank were selected using convenient sampling and then interviewed. The relationship between lifestyles and obesity was examined using pretested semi-structured questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software version 23 using chi-square (χ2), paired-sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA tests.

    Results

    The mean age of the participants was 37.35 ± 6.80 years, ranging from 23 - 55 years. About 44% were overweight and 16.0% were obese. Older age (P = 0.02), marriage (P = 0.01), greater number of children (P = 0.01), and more income (P = 0.01) were significantly associated with obesity. The participants who skip their breakfast three or more times and skip their main meal one to two times or more in a week showed higher BMI, which was statistically significant.

    Conclusions

    Marriage, aging, more affluence, and less physical exercise were found as major risk factors for obesity. The findings of this study can provide the appropriate ground for monitoring the effectiveness of national programs in order to prevent and control obesity in Bangladesh, especially among women.

    Keywords: Obesity, Risk Factors, Working Women, Bangladesh
  • Abbas Ghodrati Torbati, Hamid Nejat*, Hasan Toozandehjani, Ali Akbar Samari, Hoseyn Akbari Amarghan Page 4
    Objectives

    This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of compassion-focused therapy on blood cortisol and cognitive-emotion regulation among drug abusers.

    Methods

    It was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all men with drug abuse referring to Torbat-e-Heydariyeh Adult Drug Abuse Clinic in 2018, 40 of whom were selected by simple random sampling for the experimental and control groups. The experimental group was trained for 10 sessions of 90 min, but the control group was on the waiting list and received no training. A demographic questionnaire and the cognitive-emotion regulation questionnaire of Garnefski were used for data collection before and after the intervention. Besides, the data on the in vitro serum levels of cortisol we gathered. The data were analyzed using the analysis of covariance in SPSS 24 software.

    Results

    The results of the multivariate analysis of covariance showed that in the group of compassion-focused behavioral therapy, the intervention had a significant effect on blood cortisol and cognitive-emotion regulation at the posttest (P < 0.005).

    Conclusions

    According to the findings, compassion-focused behavioral therapy was effective in reducing cortisol levels and elevating cognitive-emotion regulation among drug abusers.

    Keywords: Drug Abuse, Compassion-Focused Therapy, Blood Cortisol Level, Cognitive-Emotion Regulation
  • Behzad Fouladi Dehaghi, Leila Ibrahimi, Ghavam Abadi* Page 5
    Background

    Exposure to ionizing radiation has harmful health effects. Research shows that people spend more their time indoors than outdoors. Therefore, the indoor background ionizing radiation can pose a noticeable health risk.

    Objectives

    Since it is well established that ionizing radiation can lead to serious health problems, the present study aimed to evaluate the level of ionizing radiation in the background environment in radiological centers in Ahvaz, Iran.

    Methods

    The evaluation of indoor and outdoor background ionizing radiation levels was carried out by using the calibrated digital Geiger-Muller counter (S.E. International Inc., USA) in five radiography centers. The background radiation was measured both indoor and outdoor of the selected radiology centers in four locations. The measured locations included behind the door of the X-ray room, outdoor, waiting room for the people, and the reception section in each center. The measurements were done with a device held one meter above the floor.

    Results

    The indoor radiation levels were 0.13 ± 0.004, 0.11 ± 0.004, 0.13 ± 0.004, 0.16 ± 0.007, and 0.16 ± 0.006 µSv/h for centers a, b, c, d, and e, respectively, and the outdoor radiation levels were 0.12 ± 0.02, 0.11 ± 0.01, 0.10 ± 0.00, 0.12 ± 0.01, and 0.13 ± 0.00 µSv/h, respectively.

    Conclusions

    The mean equivalent dose in this study was lower than the standard level (1 mSv/y); therefore, the radiology centers were safe.

    Keywords: Ionizing Radiation, Radiography Center, Background Radiation
  • Majdedin Moaven, Reza Bahrami Ilkhech, Masoud Zeinali, Saeed Hesam, Kazem Jamali * Page 6
    Background

    Lumbar disc hernia recurrence is the most common complication after a primary open-ended discectomy that has a poor prognosis.

    Objectives

    To assess the risk factors for re-operational need in patients with lumbar discs referred to Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz from 2011 to 2015.

    Methods

    In this retrospective and epidemiological study, 35 patients with recurrence (group 1) and 70 patients without recurrence after surgery (group 2) were evaluated to investigate the potential risk factors for recurrence of lumbar disc herniation. They were randomly selected from the patients who underwent lumbar disc (discectomy) from Golestan Hospital between, Ahvaz 2011 to 2015. Clinically, the herniated disk recurrence is a ruptured disc that causes foot pain and has symptoms in radiography (MRI) and is defined by the disk material at the same side and the level of the surgical index that causes impingement, compression, or deviation of the nerve tissue (which is reported by the presence of a radiologist).

    Results

    The results of this study showed that height, gender (male), weight gain, education lower than diploma, heavyweight and jobs could predict lumbar disc herniated recurrence. However, there was no significant difference in terms of age, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcohol consumption, marital status, ethnicity, and family history of both groups.

    Conclusions

    The variables of height, gender (male), weight gain, lower-diploma education, and heavyweight jobs can predict the recurrence of lumbar herniated disc.

    Keywords: Surgery, Risk Factor, Lumbar Disc Herniated, Disc recurrence