فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:9 Issue: 1, 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/12/21
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Berhanu Boru Bifftu*, Bezenaw Yimer Mekonnen Pages 1-8
    Introduction

    Nurses are the final safety check in the process of medication administration process to prevent errors that adversely affect life; yet death of comprehensive evidences in Ethiopia. The present study aimed to assess the pooled magnitude of MAEs (Medication Administration Errors) in Ethiopia.

    Methods

    Systematic literature search in the databases of Pub-Med, Cochrane, and Google Scholar for gray literature were performed until December 3, 2018. The quality of study was assessed using criteria adopted from similar studies. Heterogeneity test and evidence of publication bias were assessed. Moreover, sensitivity analysis was also performed. Pooled prevalence of MAE was calculated using the random effects model.

    Results

    A total of 2142 medication administrations were from observational and 681from selfreported studies were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The most prevalent and frequently reported type of MAEs was documentation error (52% to 87.5%) and time error (25.5% to 58.5%) respectively. Overall, the pooled magnitude of MAE was found to be 39.3% (95% CI, 29.1%-49.5%).It has no evidence of significant heterogeneity (I2 = 0%, P = 0.57) and publication bias Egger’s test (P = 0.40).

    Conclusion

    Overall, more than one in four observed/perceived medication administrations had errors. Documentation error is the most prevalent type of error. Nurses are suggested to strengthen their focus on the rights of medication administration guide particularly, documentation of their activities need special attention

    Keywords: Error, Ethiopia, Nurses, Medication Administration
  • Jasvir Kaur, Poonam Sheoran, Simarjeet kaur*, Jyoti Sarin Pages 9-12
    Introduction

    Childbirth is a distinctive and joyous moment in every mother’s life. Giving birth is one of the powerful and vital event. This study aimed to assess and evaluate the effectiveness of warm compression (moist heat) on lumbo-sacral region in terms of labor pain intensity and labor outcomes

    Methods

    An experimental research design was carried out on 88 nulliparous mothers with normal singleton term pregnancy (44 participants in each group) who were admitted in the labor room. Mothers who had high-risk pregnancy were excluded. Warm compression was given to nulliparous mothers of the experimental group with hydrochollator pack at 700C temperature for 20 minutes for 3 times with one-hour interval on lumbo sacral region starting from 4-5 cm of cervical dilatation. Labor pain intensity score, fetal heart rate, frequency and duration of uterine contractions were assessed before and immediately of warm compression and again after 30 minutes only labor pain was assessed.

    Results

    Study results revealed that immediately after first, second and third time of warm compression labor pain intensity score in experimental group was lower than control group respectively ( t= 3.20; P< 0.001; t =4.45; P< 0.001; t= 6.18; P< 0.001). But no significant difference found in fetal heart rate and labor outcomes in terms of duration of labor, type of delivery, baby born alive/ not and cried immediately after birth.

    Conclusion

    Warm compression was useful method to decrease the labour pain among nulliparous mothers in the first stage of labour and mothers reported satisfaction with intervention

    Keywords: Labor pain, Pain, Lumbosacral plexus, Nulliparity, Warm compression
  • Elham Akhlaghi, Sima Babaei*, Shahla Abolhassani Pages 13-19
    Introduction

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the major causes of mortality all over the world. In this relation, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the most important treatments for CAD patients. However, it leads to a lot of stress in the patient. The aim of this study was to use the Neuman model to moderate the stressors in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft.

    Methods

    This study was a randomized clinical trial of two groups performed on patients admitted to the coronary artery bypass graft; and the study completed with 64 patients. The intervention was performed by the researcher according to the format of the Neuman Model, which included the investigation of the stressors, and the determination of the goals and strategies for the actions. Intrapersonal, interpersonal, and extra personal factors were evaluated using a Revised Cardiac Surgery Stressor Scale (RCSSS). The intervention program was designed by the researcher based on prevention levels using scientific resources. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS ver. 13 using descriptive and inferential statistics.

    Results

    Before the intervention, the mean score of the stressors was not significantly different between the two groups. But immediately after the intervention and before discharging the intervention group, it was significantly less than the control group.

    Conclusion

    Using a Neuman-based program as an effective and low-cost intervention can moderate the stressors and reduce the stress of patients awaiting coronary artery bypass graft. This theory can be a good guide to offering the roles needed to provide health services in the community.

    Keywords: Coronary artery, Disease, Stressors, Bypass surgery, Nursing model
  • *Seyed Reza Mazlom, Ali Asghar Firouzian, Heji Mohamad Norozi, Alireza Ghasemi Toussi, Mahmoud Marhamati Pages 21-25
    Introduction

    In view of the contradictory results for the use of cold tubes for the purpose of enhancing nasogastric tube insertion success there is a pressing need for further research in this area. This study aimed to determine the effect of using cold versus regular temperature nasogastric tube on successful nasogastric tube insertion for patients referring to toxicology emergency department.

    Methods

    This study is a clinical trial with two groups design of 65 patients admitted to toxicology emergency department who were divided into two groups by random allocation. Nasogastric tubes used in the intervention group had been stored in a refrigerator at 2°-8° C while the ones employed in the control group had been maintained at the room temperature of 22-28° C. Nasogastric tube insertions in both groups were done by the investigator according to standard methods. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 13.

    Results

    The placement of nasogastric tube was done in the first attempt with 27 (%84.4) of the subjects in the control group and 33 (%100.0) in the intervention group. The chi-square test results showed that the frequency of the number of attempts for gastric intubation in subjects between the two groups was statistically significant.

    Conclusion

    Cooling gastric tubes reduces the time required for nasogastric intubation. Thus, it is suggested that the gastric tubes be cooled before the application of the procedure so as to reduce complications, increase patient comfort and save nurses time.

    Keywords: Cold temperature, Intubation-nasogastric, Toxicology, Emergencydepartment
  • Roghaieh Keykha*, Nasrin Rezaee, Ali Navidian, Elahe Moshtaghi Pages 27-32
    Introduction

    Depression is one of the most common psychological disorders in the world. Many depressed patients are being hospitalized in psychiatric centers every year, which can lead to hopelessness and indifference. Considering the role of family as a support system in caring for depressed patients, the goal of the present study is to assess the effects of regular family appointments on the hope of hospitalized depressed patients.

    Methods

    This was a randomized clinical trial on 70 hospitalized depressed patients in the Baharan psychiatric hospital of Zahedan. Block Randomization was used to categorize the participants continuously into two groups intervention (n=35) and control groups (n=35). The data collection tools were demographic characteristics questionnaire and Schneider hope scale. The patients in the interventions group received 6 sessions of regular family appointments with firstdegree relatives. The control group received freely and without any planning appointments. Hope level was measured and compared before and after the intervention for two groups. The data were analyzed by SPSS using the chi-square test, the independent t-test and the paired t-test.

    Results

    The results showed that both groups were homogeneous in terms of sociodemographic differences. The hope scores of patients in the intervention group significantly increased compared to those of the control group.

    Conclusion

    Encouraging family cooperation and using patient's choice in selecting visitors is recommended

    Keywords: Appointment andschedules, Hope, Depression, Family
  • Seyedeh Fatemeh Jalalinia, Majid Raei, Vahid Naseri Salahshour, Shokoh Varaei* Pages 33-38
    Introduction

    Urinary incontinence is a common problem after Prostatectomy that affects patients’ life. Nurses can assist patients in improving urinary problems. This study aimed to assess the effects of pelvic floor muscle exercises on urinary incontinence and the quality of life in patients after Prostatectomy.

    Methods

    This randomized clinical trial was performed on 60 patients with suprapubic prostatectomy and urinary incontinence who had referred to urology department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital in Tehran. The subjects were selected and randomly divided into control and intervention groups. The control and intervention groups received standard care and pelvic floor muscles exercises after surgery, respectively. The data were gathered in the course of seven days; one, two and three months after surgery, using three questionnaires and a check list for the evaluation of urinary incontinence and assessing Quality of Life. The data were then analyzed, using SPSS ver.13, and statistical tests such as t-test, ANOVA and Chi- square.

    Results

    The quality of life and urinary incontinence score before intervention were not significant between two groups. The findings showed that there was a statistically significant difference between two groups in the average scores of urinary incontinence and the quality of life after intervention.

    Conclusion

    Pelvic muscles exercises reduced urinary incontinence and enhanced quality of life. It’s recommended as a non-pharmacologic, non-invasive way to control urinary incontinence. Patients with adequate cognitive and mental abilities can easily be trained on pelvic floor muscle exercises.

    Keywords: Urinary incontinence, quality of life, Prostatectomy, Nursing
  • Masoume Rastegar, Zohreh Mahmoodi*, Sara Esmaelzadeh Saeieh, Nasibeh Sharifi, Kourosh Kabir Pages 39-45
    Introduction

    Breast cancer has a high prevalence, constituting a major cause of mortality in women around the world. Health literacy has a vital role in the self-care of chronic diseases such as cancer and is an essential element in the ability of each person to engage with health promotion. The aim of this study was to determine effect of health literacy counselling on selfcare in women after mastectomy.

    Methods

    This study is a randomized, controlled, clinical trial carried out on 72 women with breast cancer after mastectomy in Fars province. The eligible women entered the study using convenience sampling and were then divided into an intervention and a control group through randomized blocks of four. Health literacy questionnaire and self-care questionnaire were distributed among the participants before, immediately after and three weeks following the intervention. Data analysis was performed in SPSS ver.13.

    Results

    The results showed no significant differences between the two groups in terms of their health literacy and self-care scores before the intervention (P=0.299 and 0.059). A comparison of the mean values showed a greater increase in the mean score of health literacy and score of selfcare immediately and three weeks after the intervention in the intervention group compared to the control group. Also, the mean score of the dimensions of self-care in chemotherapy increased over time in the intervention group.

    Conclusion

    The findings of this study confirm the higher effectiveness of counseling with a health literacy approach on overall self-care in chemotherapy and all its dimensions.

    Keywords: Counselling, Mastectomy, Health literacy, Self-care, Clinical trial
  • Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz, Zahra Kiani, Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari, Vida Ghasemi, Masoumeh Abed, Giti Ozgoli* Pages 47-56
    Introduction

    Primary dysmenorrhea is considered as one of the main problems in women. This review study aimed to characterize the effect of micronutrients on primary dysmenorrhea.

    Methods

    In this systematic and meta‐analysis study, the articles were searched at Cochrane library, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science databases. The searching process was conducted with the key terms related to dysmenorrhea and micronutrients. Risk of bias assessment was performed, using Rev Man 5.3 software. In view of the heterogeneity of some of the studies, they were analyzed, using a qualitative method (n=10), and only 6 studies were included in Meta analyze. STATA statistical software version 11 was used for the analysis.

    Results

    In this study, finally 16 clinical trials were investigated. Most micronutrients studied in the relevant articles had anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties with a desirable effect on dysmenorrhea pain relief. Vitamins (K, D, B1, and E) and calcium, magnesium, zinc sulfate and boron contributed effectively to dysmenorrhea pain management. Two months after the intervention, there was a significant mean decrease in the pain score for the vitamin D intervention group (SMD: -1.02, 95% CI: -1.9 to – 0.14, P =0.024) , as well as in the vitamin E intervention group compared to placebo group (SMD: - 0.47,95% CI:-0.74 to – 0.2, P = 0.001).

    Conclusion

    Despite the paucity of related research, the studies indicated the potential effects of micronutrients on reducing the pain severity in primary dysmenorrhea. But more studies are needed to confirm the safety and effectiveness of various types of micronutrients on primary dysmenorrhea.

    Keywords: Micronutrients, Vitamins, Minerals, Dysmenorrhea, Systematic Review
  • Tayebeh Mahvar, Nooredin Mohammadi*, Naima Seyedfatemi, AbouAli Vedadhir Pages 57-64
    Introduction

    Interpersonal communication in critical care units is one of the most important factors due to complicated and critical conditions of patients. Nurses’ confrontation with ethical distresses and conflict resolution techniques are often influenced by the culture governing these units. This study aimed to explore interpersonal communication culture among critical care nurses.

    Methods

    A focused ethnographic approach was used to conduct study in Iran. The research method was based on the research evolutionary cycle model recommended by Spradley (1980). Data were collected over six months through purposeful sampling and semi structured interviews (n=18) and participation observation (n=43). The data were obtained over six months of observation and interview with participants. Data analysis was done by Spradley method and was interpreted to discover the meaning units from the obtained themes. MAXQDA10 was used to manage data.

    Results

    Five major domains of observations and high-level consensus were extracted in this study, including grouping, work-life interaction, professionalism, organizational atmosphere and experience.

    Conclusion

    Development of interpersonal communication culture is influenced by various factors. Besides, the working models and nurses’ use of workspace are indispensable components of effective communication at workplace. The findings of this study can be helpful in determining appropriate strategies and practices to resolve communication problems among nurses by specifying challenges, thereby leading to proper communication among nurses, promoting this communication and finally providing high quality and more effective care.

    Keywords: Personal, Communications, Ethnography, Critical care, Nurses