فهرست مطالب

  • سال سوم شماره 1 (پیاپی 5، اسفند 1398)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1399/01/05
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Ali Akbar Ahmadi, Ebrahim Namdari, Sonia Mohammadi Alibari* Pages 1-25

    The Holy Quran has been used different expression styles at a very high level. Among the things that have caused rhetorical aspects in the Qur'an are the Propositions. The present article attempts to rhetorically review the aesthetic aspects of the prepositions. Priority and delaying of prepositions can be done for purposes such as inclining, chant, shortening, restriction, assignment and so on. The elimination of prepositions is an example of literary highlighting and syntactic norm of escape and it creates rhetorical and aesthetic speech literally. The rhetoric justifies justify the reason for using prepositions in a virtual sense based on the Embedded metaphor.

    Keywords: The Holy Quran, Propositions, Aesthetics, Rhetorically Review
  • Wasan Ali Hussein, Hashim Ja'afer Husein Al Musawi* Pages 27-50

    The historical fact proves that between nations and civilizations as well as their failures and disasters there is a very strange relationship. Every nation faces with defeat, in a different way. In other words, it can be said that some of civilizations were destroyed after defeat, and others were not affected by failure and it becomes a point of strength. Germany, for example, which was at the peak of Western civilization at the beginning of the 20th century, then failed in World War I, but refused defeat, so it attacked the world again and failed. It lacked the necessary moral and civilization balance to control sovereignty, and ultimately failed in World War II.On the other hand, Islamic civilization was subjected to constant tensions and successive catastrophes, and local and foreign conspiracies sought to overthrow and defeat it, but each time it emerged more conscious, stronger, and more stable. Although they were able to eradicate this thought at the same time with strengthen the opponents of this civilization, Islamic thought did not disappear, but it revived and stood up against colonialism again. In the present article, the concept of "failure" has been studied literally and idiomatic and it is compared to the human concept of failure, and finally, the Quranic terms of failure are discussed. The term defeat has only been appeared three times in the Qur'an, and the verses in which defeat is mentioned are all talk of infidels and polytheists; as if in the Qur'an, the defeat of Muslims has been eliminated.

    Keywords: Quran Conceptual Components, Concept of Failure, Causes of Failure
  • Leila asadollahi*, Massoud Fekri Pages 51-68

    In these papers, the researchers attempt to stand up to the development of the linguistic significance of the individual Abd, relying on the central significance of Aramaic, Syriac, and Hebrew as the Arabic language and the marginal significance of the Arabic translators. And we have found that the central meaning of the individual was not what was known to the sons of language and what was in the Arabic dictionaries from the oldest and end of the talk of them; but to reveal the central and original sense of this item, we look at the more forward attacks such as Aramaic adaptations And Syriac and Hebrew, and then developed this meaning after the descent of the Qoran and the inclusion in religious driving until it became the evolving sense of the original meaning of the great use. Having identified the central significance and the Islamic significance of the individual, we have determined how the significance of this individual is developed by Islam according to the Frank furter Palmer theory. The focus of these papers is on the external religious influence; specifically the Qur'an - through contextual theory - How to deal internally with the significance, in terms of the allocation of significance or circulation, or the impact of the transfer - according to the theory of Palmer - and that the Qoranic text is the best language text able to employ the individual accurate employment, and the researcher can reach the accurate - Better than any form in text And another language which can rule - somewhat - on a single indication of whether significant verses, or Arab (non-Quranic), or that the Qoran has added a new dimension in addition to Tagged significance first.

    Keywords: Semantic Evolution, Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac dictionary, Theory of Religious Leadership, Palmer Theory
  • Fatemeh sadat Basirizadeh*, Mahnaz Soqandi Pages 69-86

    Looking backwards at a century of capricious discourses, now after another turn of the century, one easily comes to the common point in all Feministic discourses; which all are as efforts to prove women's presence and their equality to men in various aspects of life. The passage of the decades did not mutate the nature of all these feminine studies; just have posed the topic in diverse areas; for the whole body of the Feminist dialogisms and ideas were appointed by patriarchal discourses. This indicates that the current feminist dialogisms are not totally feminine discourses, rather, feminine-masculine ones formed out of men's mischievousness saving their patriarchal authority which changes the discourses to a masculine/feminine relation. However, what nowadays Feminism, as a school of thought, needs is a feminine intuition, that is a moment of feminine epiphany, by which not only women will be able to reach a new understanding of femininity but men also will recognize the essence/existence of females. Discussing Virginia Woolf’s dialogism in ‘A Room of One’s Own’ and two novels by Zoya Pirzad (Persian narratives of a highly male dominated society) the study concludes that Feminism needs an intuitive feminine epiphany; an epiphany that both sexes should come to in a society, to enable the school of feminism to come to a purely feminine dialogics and be released from all the mischievous feminine-masculine discourses.

    Keywords: Feminism, Feminine-masculine discourse, Feminine Epiphany, Feministic Dialogism
  • Neda Hedayat, Aliakbar Tajik* Pages 87-102

    Psycholinguistics is concerned with how a person acquires a language, produces and perceives both spoken and written language. Moreover, Psycholinguistics is a branch of cognitive science and one of the major issues of cognitive science is “mind”. Knowing what interactions in the memory of the learner will happen when teaching foreign languages, what problems will happen in the process of memorization; memory capacity, short-term memory structure, working memory, long-term memory, semantic memory, and so on can be helpful for educators and designers of instructional books and facilitate and accelerate the process of teaching and learning foreign languages. Therefore, the aim of the present article is to overview psycholinguistic awareness and its contributions on English language learning (ELL) and English language teaching (ELT). This paper also attempts to critically and profoundly present the major research findings in the role of psycholinguistics and its implications and pedagogic contributions to the area of language learning and teaching, in an endeavor to shed light on the current successful and influential practices in this area of research which are incremental to second language learning development

    Keywords: Cognitive science, language learning, Psycholinguistics, Psycholinguistic awareness
  • Bahram Avartinzadeh*, Seyyed Mohammad Razi mostafavinia Pages 103-124

    Literature has always been a reflection of the ideas of scholars and poets. In the meantime, comparative literature is one of the areas of literary studies that deals with the intersection of literature in various works and finds common links and relationships in literature and other manifestations of human knowledge. In the field of poetry, the association of motifs or repetitive elements with the conceptual components of different nations expresses the poets' thought and purpose for composing. Social concepts are the motifs that frequently found in Iranian and Iraqi poems. To understand the subtleties of this confluence in literary texts, it were studied the most important motifs in the poems of contemporary poets Ahmad Matar and Hossein Esrafili in the countries of Iraq and Iran based on the American school. And it cleared that Ahmad Matar has been pessimistic about the factors and events in Iraq and he sees the bright future as near impossible, while Hossein Esrafili is more optimistic than Matar and hope for victory and liberation in his poems is evidence

    Keywords: Social Motifs, Conceptual Components, Comparative Literature, Ahmad Matar, Hossein Esrafili